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Determination of the most suitable wavelength intervals for optical data transmission through the atmosphere

Özer, Yücel Cengiz
Optical Wireless Communication systems use lasers offering larger bandwidth, which facilitates higher data rates, comparing with radio communication systems. However, its performance is limited by atmospheric conditions, and is a function of wavelength. The objective of this study is the determination of the wavelength interval(s) at which the atmospheric transmittance is relatively high and has relatively low dependence on variations in temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and atmospheric pressure under the conditions such as path altitude of 10 meters, path geometry of horizontal to the Earth’s surface and clean (includes no fog, rain or snow etc.) over sea surface atmosphere. The path length is taken to be 15 km. Alanya was assignated as geographical region and the required information about the atmospheric constituents and meteorological parameters was collected. Then, the variations in atmospheric transmittance due to the periodically measured meteorological parameters were calculated (for summer and winter seasons). Finally, individually calculated effects of these parameters on atmospheric transmittance are assembled in order to determine the desired wavelength interval(s). As a result, the most suitable wavelength interval was determined to be about between 3.99 m and 4.02 m. In addition, dependencies of atmospheric pressure, temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed on atmospheric transmittance have been established for both winter and summer seasons. Atmospheric transmittance is found to be inversely proportional to temperature, relative humidity and wind speed. The effect of pressure is relatively small comparing with other parameters.