Revitalization of historic commercial areas through the main street program in U.S.A.: a case study from the boston main streets program

Esen, Sibel Yıldırım
Considering revitalization as a way of improving three interrelated aspects of quality of life including physical quality, social and economic welfare, this study sets out an evaluation framework to measure the success of implementations aiming to revitalize historic commercial places. This framework emerges from the qualities of built environments which are defined with reference to the normative urban design theory developed by Kevin Lynch. Urban qualities are defined with a comprehensive approach which takes into account spatial, social, and economic aspects of creating urban places. The Main Street Program, subject of this study, is a historic commercial district revitalization program developed by the National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States. This program introduces a preservation-based revitalization model. Based on a comprehensive approach, the program suggests working simultaneously on organization, design, economic restructuring, and promotion. This study analyzes the revitalization model of the Main Street Program by looking at its various aspects including organization models, funding tools, involvement of local communities, contributions of the federal and local governments, implementation, and self-evaluation. Besides, it introduces a citywide coordinating program, Boston Main Streets. Finally, it analyzes the revitalization of Washington Street in South End, Boston, one of the places where Main Street Program has been implemented. The street has been transformed from a vacant and deteriorated commercial street into a more vital, pedestrian oriented, mixed use place in a decade. This study aims to analyze the case from three different points. First, the success of the program is evaluated within the above framework. Second, the effectiveness of the program is examined through an outcome analysis. Finally, the organizational performance of the Main Street organization is analyzed.


Designing a new architectural program: the norms and attributes of regional airports; Kütahya-Afyonkarahisar-Uşak
Apaydın, Aslı; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2007)
Today’s dynamics - the globalization process, economic growth together with late-capitalism, the number of population living in cities and improvements in technology, communication and electronic media - have changed the course of air transportation. As the demand for aviation has increased, the policy of “regional air transportation system” has begun to be extensive through the world in order to provide an integrated and sustainable air transport system. As for Turkey, together with deregulation of air tra...
Architecture, ideology, representation : party headquarters as a new mode in representing power since the 1980’s
Yılmaz, Fadime; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2009)
The main objective of this study is to question the potential of architecture as a representational medium of ideology. In order to exemplify this overlapping relationship between ideology and architecture, this study focuses on the headquarters erected by major parties of Turkey since the 1980’s. Having a significant position within society and particularly being a part of political system, parties obviously define ideological formations in order to preserve their existence and also strengthen their positi...
Exploring the potential of mat-building for the creation of universally designed environments
Eren, Yasemin; Aközer, Emel; Department of Architecture (2004)
The goal of this study is to reread the strategies of formal organization in architecture, which are called أmat-buildingؤ and أmat-urbanismؤ, exploring their potential to contribute to the creation of universally designed built environments in the 21st century. The idea of mat-building was first delineated by Alison Smithson in 1974, in her article أHow to Recognize and Read Mat-Building,ؤ by means of its traditional and modern examples. The concept of universal design was first used in 1970̕s and reinterp...
New interpretations of teritoriality in architecture : the Dutch Embassy in Berlin
Yavuz, Fatih; Bilsel, Fatma Cânâ; Department of Architecture (2006)
In this study, it is aimed to relate architecture with the changing definitions of territory. In this context, the research will focus on the issue of “in-between”, where the boundaries between public and private domains are blurred in the modern world. The Dutch Embassy in Berlin designed by OMA / Rem Koolhaas is built upon a creative redefinition of blurring boundaries between ‘public’ and ‘private’. Given the fact that the Embassy is a diplomatic structure for which the safety factor is one of the most i...
Urban convention hotel design criteria and a design proposal for Ankara case
Balıkcıoğlu, Gizem; Kural, İlhan; Department of Architecture (2004)
The aim of this study is to define the design criteria for urban convention hotels based on national and international market trends. The second aim is to design an efficient, flexible, and valid convention hotel program for Ankara case based on this research. The existing hotel structures in Ankara are assumed to be insufficient to meet the convention requirements of international and national market needs. In the study, the space requirements of different markets and their program matrix reflected on majo...
Citation Formats
S. Y. Esen, “Revitalization of historic commercial areas through the main street program in U.S.A.: a case study from the boston main streets program,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2006.