A new approach for the assessment of hf channel availability under ionospheric disturbances

Sarı, Murat Özgür
High Frequency (3-30 MHz) (HF) Ionospheric Channel is used for military, civilian and amateur communications. By using Ionosphere, communication for distances beyond the line of sight is achieved. The main advantage of this type of communication is that it does not to require a satellite to communicate with a point beyond the line of sight. Actually the Ionosphere is used instead of a satellite. To use Ionosphere but not a satellite means independent communication for a country. The disadvantage of HF Ionospheric Communication is that the characteristics of the reflecting media (i.e. channel’s transfer function) depends on many variables, e.g. sun spot number, hour of the day, season, solar cycles etc., so that mathematically modeling the channel is very difficult. Since military standards like STANAG 4538, STANAG 4285, STANAG 4415, MIL-STD-188-110A and MIL-STD-188-141A define the required performance of an HF modem in terms of Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), Doppler Spread and Delay Spread according to desired conditions, a new approach to characterize the channel in terms of these three parameters is presented. In this thesis, HF Channel is considered as a system which involves various physical and chemical processes. A new method to characterize the HF channel to be used for modem performance evaluation is presented. In this study, it is aimed to relate modem/channel availability with the magnetic indices, which may be considered as the disturbances to the system. For this purpose the data taken from an HF communication experiment is used to model the channel to be used for modem availability calculations. The aim of the study is to asses the HF Channel Availability under Ionospheric Disturbances. This new technique will be a useful tool for HF Modem operators to select the optimum data rate or modulation method during HF Communication.


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Citation Formats
M. Ö. Sarı, “A new approach for the assessment of hf channel availability under ionospheric disturbances,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.