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Synthesis of SBA-15 and incorporation of cobalt oxide nanoparticles

Şen, Ebubekir
Mesoporous materials attracted great interest due to their huge surface area and adjustable pore sizes. One of the important mesoporous materials is SBA-15 and has larger pore size, hydrothermal stability and thicker walls than other mesoporous materials. In this study, SBA-15 is synthesized by using sol-gel technique and cobalt oxide nanoparticles are incorporated in mesochannels by direct method. SBA-15 was produced from the self-assembly of non-ionic triblock co-polymer (Pluronic 123) and tetra ethyl ortho silicate (TEOS). Then cobalt chloride and cobalt nitrate were added at different loading ratios with two different addition sequences; after polymer and after TEOS. The loading ratios are in Si/Co mols and these ratios are; 15, 10, 5, 3, 1.5, 1 and 0.75 in increasing cobalt amount loaded. Characterization of the produced materials was performed by Powder X-Ray Diffraction (PXRD), Infrared (FTIR) analysis. Nitrogen Phisisorption measurements (BET and BJH Methods) were used to examine the textural properties of produced materials. By means of Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) the micro structures of materials were investigated. From the PXRD studies it is observed that the long range order of pores is preserved at even high loading amounts for cobalt chloride addition after TEOS. Co3O4 (JCPDS card no: 42-1467) crystallites are observed for Si/Co mol loading ratios 3, 1.5, 1 and 0.75. Above these loading ratios cobalt oxide is highly dispersed in SBA-15-type structure. FTIR studies revealed the formation of condensed silica network. From the Nitrogen Phisisorption measurements it is observed that addition of cobalt salt decreases the BET surface area of produced materials. All Nitrogen Adsorption-Desorption Isotherms are Type-IV, and has H-1 hysteresis which is a fulfillment of mesoporous structures according to IUPAC classification. BET surface area of samples loaded with cobalt chloride after TEOS possessed higher surface area than other samples. TEM images proved that at loading ratios above 3 there were not any cobalt oxide nanoparticles, cobalt oxide is highly dispersed on silica surface whereas at loading ratios 3 and below there were cobalt oxide nanoparticles embedded in the mesochannels for the samples prepared by addition of cobalt chloride after TEOS.