Modelling aerobic 4-chlorophenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol biodegradation-effect of biogenic substrate concentration

Şahinkaya, Erkan
Aerobic biodegradation kinetics of 4-Chlorophenol (4-CP) and 2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) by acclimated mixed cultures were examined separately and in mixture using batch and sequencing batch reactors (SBRs). Biodegradation abilities of acclimated mixed cultures were also compared with those of isolated pure species. Complete degradation of chlorophenols and high COD removal efficiencies were observed throughout the SBRs operation. During the degradation of 4-CP, 5-chloro-2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde, (the -meta cleavage product of 4-CP), accumulated but was subsequently removed completely. Chlorophenol degradation rates increased with increasing chlorophenols concentration in the feed of the SBRs. Gradually decreasing feed peptone concentration did not adversely affect chlorophenol degradation profiles in SBRs. Only competent biomass was thought to be responsible for chlorophenol degradation due to required unique metabolic pathways. It was assumed that the fraction of competent biomass (specialist biomass) is equal to COD basis fraction of chlorophenols in the feed of the reactors as competent biomass grows on chlorophenols only. Models developed using this assumption agreed well with experimental data. The performance of a two stage rotating biological contactor (RBC) was also evaluated for the treatment of synthetic wastewater containing peptone, 4-CP and 2,4-DCP at 5 rpm. High chlorophenols (>98%) and COD (>94%) removals were achieved throughout the reactor operation up to 1000 mg/L 4-CP and 500 mg/L 2,4-DCP in the feed. Results showed that RBC is more resistant than suspended growth reactors to high chlorophenols load. The change of dominant species during the operation of SBRs and RBC was also followed using API 20NE identification kits.


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In this study various microbial and enzymatic methods developed for enantioselective acyloin synthesis for preparation of some pharmaceutically important intermediates. By performing Aspergillus flavus (MAM 200120) mediated biotransformation, enantioselective bio-oxidation of meso-hydrobenzoin was achieved with a high ee value (76%). Racemic form of hydrobenzoin was also employed for the same bio-oxidation process and this bioconversion was resulted in accumulation of meso form (>90% yield) confirming the s...
Modeling chlorophenols degradation in sequencing batch reactors with instantaneous feed-effect of 2,4-DCP presence on 4-CP degradation kinetics
ŞAHİNKAYA, Erkan; Dilek, Filiz Bengü (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2007-08-01)
Two instantaneously fed sequencing batch reactors (SBRs), one receiving 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) (SBR4) only and one receiving mixture of 4-CP and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) (SBRM), were operated with increasing chlorophenols concentrations in the feed. Complete degradation of chlorophenols and high-Chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies were observed throughout the reactors operation. Only a fraction of biomass (competent biomass) was thought to be responsible for the degradation of chlorophenols...
A density functional theory study of oxidation of benzene to phenol by N2O on Fe- and Co-ZSM-5 clusters
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Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were carried out in the study of oxidation of benzene to phenol by N2O on relaxed [(SiH3)(4)AlO4M] (where M=Fe, Co) cluster models representing Fe- and Co-ZSM-5 surfaces. The catalytic cycle steps are completed for both Fe-ZSM-5 and Co-ZSM-5 clusters. The general trend of the results that were obtained in terms of activation barriers for the Fe-ZSM-5 cluster is in agreement with the experimental and theoretical literature. It was observed that the phenol formatio...
Polypyrrole grafts with poly[(methyl methacrylate)-co-(2-(N-pyrrolyl) ethyl methacrylate)]
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The treatment of sugar beet processing wastewater in aerobic granular sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was examined in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nitrogen removal efficiency. The effect of sugar beet processing wastewater of high solid content, namely 2255 +/- 250mg/L total suspended solids (TSS), on granular sludge was also investigated. Aerobic granular SBR initially operated with the effluent of anaerobic digester treating sugar beet processing wastewater (Part I) achieved average removal ef...
Citation Formats
E. Şahinkaya, “Modelling aerobic 4-chlorophenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol biodegradation-effect of biogenic substrate concentration,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2006.