Impact modified Nylon 66-Organoclay nanocomposites

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2007
Mert, Miray
PA 66 nanocomposites and PA 66 blends were prepared using Cloisite 15A, Cloisite 25A and Cloisite 30B as organoclays and Lotader 2210 (E-BA-MAH), Lotader AX8840 (E-GMA) and Lotader AX8900 (E-MA-GMA) as impact modifiers. The effects of the composition, types of the components and the addition order of the nanocomposites on the morphology, mechanical, flow and thermal properties were investigated. Melt compounding step was carried out twice in a co-rotating twin-screw extruder. This was called as All-S mixing sequence when all the components were melt mixed, simultaneously. The concentration of the elastomer was determined as 5 wt% and the organoclay as 2 wt% to minimize agglomeration of the organoclay and decrease in the mechanical properties. The components which exhibited the best mechanical results and organoclay delamination in All-S mixing sequences were compounded by using different addition orders. Substantial increases were not observed in the tensile, impact, flexural and hardness test results of the nanocomposites compared to the polymer matrix that was twice extruded. Addition order of the components affected the properties of the nanocomposites and dispersion of the elastomeric domains and the organoclay. The best mechanical test results were obtained for All-S mixing sequence of (PA 66-15A-2210). The degree of organoclay dispersion is better in Cloisite 15A and Cloisite 25A containing nanocomposites than the ones which have Cloisite 30B. Low melt flow index values aided dispersion of the organoclay whereas the slight changes in the crystallinity did not significantly contribute to the changes in the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites or the blends.

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Citation Formats
M. Mert, “Impact modified Nylon 66-Organoclay nanocomposites,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.