Impact modified polyamide-organoclay nanocomposites

Işık, Işıl
The effects of melt state compounding and addition order of ethylene-butyl acrylate-maleic anhydride (E-BA-MAH), ethylene-glycidyl methacrylate (E-GMA), ethylene-methyl acrylate-glycidyl methacrylate (E-MA-GMA) terpolymer and/or three types of organoclays (Cloisite® 15A, 25A and 30B) on morphology, thermal, mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties of polyamide-6 are investigated. XRD patterns show that the interlayer spacing for Cloisite® 15A remained unchanged; however it increased for the organoclays Cloisite® 25A and Cloisite® 30B in both polyamide-6/organoclay binary nanocomposites and in polyamide-6/organoclay/impact modifier ternary systems. TEM analyses indicate that exfoliated-intercalated nanocomposites are formed. Sizes of elastomeric domains in nanocomposites are larger than the domains in their corresponding blends. The MFI results show that incorporation of elastomer reduces the MFI, due to the formation of graft copolymer. Both storage and loss moduli and complex viscosity of polyamide-6 increase with organoclay addition. In DMA measurements, in rubbery region, all nanocomposites show higher storage modulus than the unfilled counterparts. In general, the organoclays increase tensile and flexural strength, Young’s and flexural modulus and elongation at break, but decrease the impact strength, on the contrary, the addition of elastomer has the opposite effect. Generally, Cloisite® 15A containing ternary nanocomposites have higher tensile, flexural and impact strength and Young’s and flexural modulus than the ternary nanocomposites prepared with Cloisite® 25A and Cloisite® 30B. In general, nanocomposites processed by adding all the ingredients simultaneously give higher tensile and flexural strength and modulus than the nanocomposites produced by other mixing sequences.


Impact modified polyamide-6/organoclay nanocomposites: Processing and characterization
Isik, Isil; YILMAZER, ÜLKÜ; Bayram, Göknur (Wiley, 2008-02-01)
The effects of melt state compounding of ethylene-butyl acrylate-maleic anhydride (E-BA-MAH) terpolymer and/or three types of organoclays (Cloisitel(R) 15A, 25A, and 3013) on thermal and mechanical properties and morphology of polyamide-6 are investigated. E-BA-MAH formed spherical domains in the materials to which it is added, and increased the impact strength, whereas the organoclays decreased the impact strength. In general, the organoclays increased the tensile strength (except for Cloisite 15A), Young'...
Preparation and characterization of thermally stable organoclays and their use in polymer based nanocomposites
Abdallah, Wissam; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2010)
The present study was aimed at exploring the purification and modification of montmorillonite rich Turkish bentonites by organic salts and their subsequent effects on the morphology (X-diffractometry, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy), melt flow index, mechanical (Tensile, Impact) and especially thermal stability (thermal gravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry) properties of polymer/organoclay nanocomposites with and without an elastomeric compatibilizer. The b...
Nanocomposites based on blends of polyethylene
Işık, Fatma; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2005)
In this study the effects of compatibilizer type, organoclay type, and the addition order of components on the morphological, thermal, mechanical and flow properties of ternary nanocomposites based on low density polyethylene, LDPE were investigated. As compatibilizer, ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate, ethylene/glycidyl methacrylate, and ethylene/butyl acrylate/maleic anhydride; as organoclay Cloisite? 15A, Cloisite? 25A and Cloisite? 30B were used. All samples were prepared by a co-rotating t...
Pyrolysis mass spectrometric analysis of copolymer of polyacrylonitrile and polythiophene
Oğuz, Gülcan; Hacaloğlu, Jale; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2004)
In the first part of this work, the structural and thermal characteristics of polyacrylonitrile, polyacrylonitrile films treated under the electrolysis conditions in the absence of thiophene, polythiophene and the mechanical mixture and a conducting copolymer of polyacrylonitrile/polythiophene have been studied by pyrolysis mass spectrometry technique. The thermal degradation of polyacrylonitrile occurs in three steps; evolution of HCN, monomer, low molecular weight oligomers due to random chain cleavages a...
Flame retardancy of polyamide compounds and micro/nano composites
Gündüz, Hüseyin Özgür; Kaynak, Cevdet; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2009)
In the first part of this dissertation, glass fiber reinforced/unreinforced polyamide 6 (PA6) and polyamide 66 (PA66) were compounded with three different flame retardants, which were melamine cyanurate, red phosphorus and brominated epoxy with antimony trioxide, by using an industrial scale twin screw extruder. Then, to investigate flame retardancy of these specimens, UL-94, Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI) and Mass Loss Cone Calorimeter (MLC) tests were carried out. In addition to flammability tests, thermogra...
Citation Formats
I. Işık, “Impact modified polyamide-organoclay nanocomposites,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2007.