Recombinant therapeutic protease production by Bacillus sp.

Korkmaz, Nuriye
The first aim of this study is the development of extracellular recombinant therapeutic protease streptokinase producing Bacillus sp., and the second aim is to determine fermentation characteristics for streptokinase production. In this context, the signal (pre-) DNA sequence of B.licheniformis (DSM1969) extracellular serine alkaline protease enzyme gene (subC: Acc. No. X03341) was ligated to 5’ end of the streptokinase gene (skc: Acc. No. S46536) by SOE (Gene Splicing by Overlap Extension) method through PCR. The resulting hybrid gene pre(subC)::skc was cloned into the pUC19 plasmid. Then, the hybrid gene was sub-cloned to pMK4 plasmid which is an E. coli-Bacillus shuttle vector with high copy number and high stability. Recombinant plasmid pMK4::pre(subC)::skc was finally transferred into B. subtilis (npr- apr-) and B. licheniformis 749/C (ATCC 25972) species. Streptokinase production capacities of these two recombinant Bacillus species were compared. The highest production was observed in recombinant B. lichenifomis 749/C (ATCC 25972) strain in a defined medium which was optimized in terms of carbon and nitrogen sources by a statistical approach, namely Response Surface Methodology (RSM). RSM evaluated the streptokinase concentration as the response and the medium components as the independent variables. The highest recombinant streptokinase concentration was found as 0.0237 kgm-3 at glucose and (NH4)2HPO4 concentrations of 4.530 and 4.838 kgm-3 respectively. The fermentation and oxygen transfer characteristics of the streptokinase production were investigated in a 3 dm3 pilot scale batch bioreactor (Braun CT2-2) equipped with temperature, pH, foam, air inlet and agitation rate controls having a working volume of VR=1.65 dm3 using the production medium optimized for the recombinant B. lichenifomis 749/C (ATCC 25972) strain. Streptokinase and β-lactamase activities, cell, glucose and organic acid concentrations, dissolved oxygen, pH, oxygen uptake rate, overall liquid phase mass transfer coefficient for oxygen, maintenance coefficient for oxygen, specific cell growth rate and yield coefficients were determined through the bioprocess. The bioprocess of recombinant streptokinase production was performed at uncontrolled pH of these bioreactor operation conditions: air inlet rate of Q0/VR=0.5 vvm, and the agitation rate of N=400min-1. The resulting streptokinase volumetric activity reached its maximum as 1.16 PUml-1 (0.0026 g/l streptokinase) at t=20 h.


Comparison of benzaldehyde lyase production capacity in recombinant Escherichia coli and recombinant Bacillus species
Kaya, Hande; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2006)
In this study, the benzaldehyde lyase (BAL, EC production in E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLySs as intracellular and in Bacillus species as extracellular were investigated, and comparison of the production capacity of the enzyme in the developed recombinant microorganisms were compared. For this purpose, firstly, PCR amplified bal gene was cloned into pRSETA vector which is under the control of strong T7 promoter and expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS strain. With developed recombinant E. coli BL21 (DE3)...
Determination of metabolic bottlenecks using reaction engineering principles in serine alkaline protease production by recombinant bacillus sp.
Telli, İlkin Ece; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2004)
In this study, firstly, bioprocess characteristics for Serine Alkaline Protease (SAP) production, using recombinant Bacillus subtilis carrying pHV1431::subC, were examined. The cell concentration, substrate concentration, SAP activity and SAP synthesis rate profiles demonstrated that the system reaches to a steady state in terms of cell growth and SAP synthesis between t=15-25 h, therefore, this time interval is appropriate to employ both metabolic flux analysis and metabolic control analysis, which apply s...
Production of recombinant proteins by yeast cells
Celik, Eda; Çalık, Pınar (Elsevier BV, 2012-09-01)
Yeasts are widely used in production of recombinant proteins of medical or industrial interest. For each individual product, the most suitable expression system has to be identified and optimized, both on the genetic and fermentative level, by taking into account the properties of the product, the organism and the expression cassette. There is a wide range of important yeast expression hosts including the species Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Pichia pastoris, Hansenula polymorpha, Kluyveromyces lactis, Schizosa...
Influence of oxygen transfer on benzaldehyde lyase production by recombinant Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) pLySs
Angardi, Vahideh; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2007)
In this study, the effects of oxygen transfer conditions on the synthesis of the enzyme benzaldehyde lyase as intracellular in recombinant E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS was investigated sistematically and a comprehensive model was developed to determine benzaldehyde lyase activity. For this purpose, the research program was carried out in mainly two parts. In the first part of study, the effects of oxygen transfer together with the mass transfer coefficient (KLa), enhancement factor E (=KLa/KLao), volumetric oxy...
Exponential feeding strategy development for benzaldehyde lyase production by recombinant "Escherichia coli"
Taşpınar, Hatice; Çalık, Pınar; Özdamar, Tunçer H.; Department of Biotechnology (2010)
In this study, the aim was to investigate the effects of exponential feeding strategy on benzaldehyde lyase (BAL) production by recombinant Escherichia coli BL21. For this purpose, the effects of medium components were investigated to optimize the initial medium composition of the fed-batch fermentations. For the batch bioreactor operations, the highest cell concentration and BAL activity were achieved in a media containing 30 g L-1 pretreated molasses, and 5 g L-1 (NH4)2HPO4 as 5.07 g L-1, and 1611 U ml-1 ...
Citation Formats
N. Korkmaz, “Recombinant therapeutic protease production by Bacillus sp.,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.