An assessment of Turkish science and technology policies, 1983-2005 : a sectoral analysis

Bürken, Serkan
The main aim of this dissertation is to evaluate Turkish science and technology policy documents, namely “Turkish Science Policy: 1983-2003”, “Turkish Science and Technology Policy: 1993-2003”, “National Science and Technology Policy: 2003-2023 Strategy Document”, and Turkish ever-first foresight study “Vision 2023”; to discuss the impacts of those documents to Turkish science and technology and make some further policy recommendations for the future. For this reason, first, the history of Turkish science and technology policy making processes is summarized and the targets of the documents are examined. Second, the outcomes and the realization of the goals are discussed in terms of science and technology indicators and R&D intensification among some leading industrial sectors of the country such as automotive, textile, clothing and information and communication technologies. In addition, the R&D intensification of Turkish total manufacturing is analyzed via using Sanjaya Lall’s industry categorization method. Turkey intensely exports resource based and low technology goods while importing medium and high technology ones. The scarce of demand for technology and R&D which is the main reason behind the malfunction of technology policies, is basically depended on the mentioned structure of Turkish industry. Finally, it is concluded that in spite of some achievements, the implementation of Turkish science and technology policy documents are of insufficieny depended on the lack of political authority and responsibility and of the coordination among industry, institutions and society as a whole.


An examination of two Turkish NGOs from a pluralist perspective : Human Rights Association (İHD) and Women for Women's Human Rights-New Ways (KİH-YÇV)
Çoban, Aslıhan; Acar, Ayşe Feride; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2006)
The major aim of this study is to evaluate the role of Turkish non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the consolidation of democracy in Turkey regarding the characteristics defined by the classical pluralist theories, starting with the ideas of Alexis de Tocqueville, and by contemporary pluralist approaches to civil society. To that end, characteristics of two examples, İHD and KİH-YÇV will be examined using three dimensions: effectiveness, enhancing solidarity and responsibility, and the dimension of inn...
Adaptation of Turkey to the European Union research and innovation policies during the accession period
Atmaca, Serkan; Ege, Aylin; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2006)
The aim of this thesis is to analyze the adaptation of Turkey to EU research and innovation policies in the light of developments in within their own dynamics, and within the framework of obligations of the accession period. A comparative analysis of Turkish and EU policies is made by pointing out the weaknesses of Turkey, which are supported by related indicators specifying the gap between EU in research and innovation capabilities. In accordance with the findings of the comparison of Turkey and EU, this s...
A critical appraisal on the societal effects of television magazine programs in Turkey
Çakar, Mehmet; Kaya, Ahmet Raşit; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2004)
This thesis analyzes the contents of the Turkish magazine programs to explore as if the contents feed anti- establishment feelings or reinforce the existing hegemony in the society. The theses also traces the audience attitudes and beliefs towards the magazine programs in Turkey. The results suggested that programs do not represent any threat to the existing hegemony. On the contrary, it is more plausible to suggest that they represent a serious support to the existing order. The audience reactions revealed...
The effects of european union funding on Turkish civil society
Arkan, Seda; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of International Relations (2007)
The thesis explores the impact of European Union funding on Turkish non-governmental organizations in the post-Helsinki period. The European Union financial aids in the post-Helsinki period is analysed with a specific emphasis on civil society and how Turkish civil society is affected from these financial aids. The search for impact analysis is done through case studies of three different civil society organisations at several levels. The organisations studied are, Women Entrepreneur’s Support Foundation of...
Vizyon 2023: technology foresight for Turkey
Akkerman, Lütfiye Ziba; Erdil, Erkan; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2006)
The aim of this thesis was to examine, describe and assess in detail the method, process, and outcome of the first national Turkish technology foresight study - Vizyon 2023 - and draw conclusions about its effect on the Turkish science, technology and innovation system. Technology foresight has gained widespread acceptance all over the world as a policy tool used in identifying future technologies, setting priorities, formulating science and technology policies and wiring up the national system of innovatio...
Citation Formats
S. Bürken, “An assessment of Turkish science and technology policies, 1983-2005 : a sectoral analysis,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.