Pervaporation of organic/water mixtures by MFI type zeolite membranes synthesized in a flow system

Dede, Özlem
Zeolite membrane synthesis is conventionally carried out in batch systems. Recently, several attempts have been performed to synthesize zeolite membranes in flow systems which can allow preparation of membranes with large specific surface areas. Membranes synthesized in the recirculating flow system had comparable N2/SF6 and n- C4H10/i-C4H10 ideal selectivities with the membranes prepared in the batch system, indicating that good quality membranes can be produced by this method. The objective of this study is to separate organic/water mixtures by pervaporation by using MFI type membranes synthesized in the flow system. Effect of number of synthesis steps and synthesis method on the separation factor and flux was investigated. Membranes were synthesized from clear solutions with a molar composition of 80SiO2:16TPAOH:1536H2O at 95oC and atmospheric pressure. The synthesis solution was recirculated through the tubular alumina support with a flow rate of 6 ml/min for 72 h. The membranes were characterized by X-ray diffraction for phase identification and scanning electron microscopy for morphology determination. Single gas permeances of N2, H2, CH4, CO2, n-C4H10 and i-C4H10 were measured between 25 and 200oC. Mixtures of 5 wt% ethanol/water, 2-propanol/water and acetone/water were separated by pervaporation at different temperatures. The single gas permeances decreased with increasing temperature for weakly adsorbed gases. For n-C4H10 the permeance passed through a maximum and i-C4H10 permeance was nearly constant. For a membrane synthesized by two consecutive synthesis steps, the ideal selectivity for n-C4H10/i-C4H10 was 132 at 200oC. The selectivity in the pervaporation separation of ethanol-water mixture was 43 with a permeate flux of 0.2 kg/m2h at 25oC. With increasing temperature, selectivity decreased but the flux increased, the selectivity was 23 and the flux was 1.9 kg/m2h at 85oC. 2-propanol/water and acetone/water separation factors were 36 and 1024 with 0.2 and 0.1 kg/m2h fluxes, respectively. The separation factors and fluxes for membranes synthesized in the flow system were comparable with membranes synthesized in the batch system.


Synthesis of low silica/alumina zeolite membranes in a flow system
Akbay, Sezin; Kalıpçılar, Halil; Department of Chemical Engineering (2007)
Zeolite A-type membranes are usually synthesized from hydrogels and rarely synthesized from clear solutions mostly in batch systems. Few studies were carried out using semi-continuous systems for zeolite A membrane synthesis. Zeolite A membranes are mainly used in pervaporation processes for separation of water from water/organic mixtures because of their hydrophilic property. In this study, zeolite A membranes were synthesized on -alumina supports from a clear solution with a molar composition of 49Na2O: ...
Biological hydrogen production on acetate in continuous panel photobioreactors using rhodobacter capsulatus
Androga, Dominic Deo; Eroğlu, İnci; Department of Chemical Engineering (2009)
Photobiological hydrogen production from organic acids occurs in the presence of light and under anaerobic conditions. Stable and optimized operation of the photobioreactors is the most challenging task in the photofermentation process. The main aim of this study was to achieve in long term, a stable and high hydrogen production on acetate, using the photosynthetic bacteria Rhodobacter capsulatus in continuous panel photobioreactors. Rhodobacter capsulatus (DSM 1710), heat adapted Rhodobacter capsulatus (DS...
Sythesis of zeolite beta for composite membranes
Gür, Nadiye; Baç, Nurcan; Department of Chemical Engineering (2006)
In this work, zeolite Beta was synthesized experimentally in order to be used as filler in fuel cell membranes in order to assess the proton conductivity of composite membranes. Effects of the Si/Al ratio, and synthesis time on yield, relative crystallinity, crystal size, and proton conductivity were investigated. Zeolite Beta with Si/Al ratio between 10 and 30 was synthesized with a batch formulation of 2.2Na2O:1Al2O3:ySiO2:4.6(TEA)2O:tH2O (where TEA≡ tetraethylammonium) at 150°C for 5-15 days of synthesis...
Chiral seperations by enzyme enhanced ultrafiltration : fractionation ofracemic benzoin
Ölçeroğlu, Ayşe Hande; Yılmaz, Levent; Department of Chemical Engineering (2006)
In this study, a methodology for separation of chiral molecules, by using enhanced ultrafiltration system was developed. Benzoin was the model chiral molecule studied. In the scope of developing this methodology, some parameters were investigated in the preliminary ultrafiltration experiments in order to set the operation conditions for enhanced ultrafiltration experiments. Due to the slight solubility of benzoin in pure water, 15% (v/v) Polyethylene glycol (PEG 400) and 30 % (v/v) Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)...
Pervaporation of ethanol/water mixtures by zeolite A membranes synthesized in batch and flow systems
Arıcan Yüksel, Berna; Çulfaz, Ali; Kalıpçılar, Halil; Department of Chemical Engineering (2011)
Zeolite A membranes have great potential in pervaporation separation of ethanol/water mixtures with high flux and selectivity. Zeolite membranes usually synthesized from hydrogels in batch systems. In recent years, zeolite membranes are prepared in semicontinuous, continuous and recirculating flow systems to allow the synthesis of zeolite membranes with enlarged surface areas and to overcome the limitations of batch system at industrial level production. The purpose of this study is to develop a synthesis m...
Citation Formats
Ö. Dede, “Pervaporation of organic/water mixtures by MFI type zeolite membranes synthesized in a flow system,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.