Effects of parenting on adult development and generativity

Karacan, Eda
This study examined Erikson’s proposition that “generativity” plays an important role in adult lives and caring for one's children is the ultimate expression of this particular developmental task. Thus, the general goal of the current study is to explore the connection between parental experiences and individual development especially generativity development in mid-adulthood within both qualitative and quantitative studies. Qualitative examination attempted to record the midlife parent experiences in order to verify the existence of parental generativity themes. This study conducted within a retrospective semi-structured interview schedule with 13 mothers and 10 fathers aged 37 to 61. All parents had at least one child at 17 or older. Overall, the results revealed that the most important theme of life for most of the midlife adults was parenthood. However, mothers’ role identities with respect to maternal role were much more stronger than fathers’. The qualitative part of the present study contributes further to understanding of the connections between the perception of parental role, parents’ active involvement in childrearing, and adult development. In the quantitative study, the importance of parental behaviors in adult development and generativity both for females and males were tested within a proposed model. In the proposed model, both direct and indirect relationships between general well-being, marital satisfaction, self perception of the parental role, parental belief, parental involvement and societal generativity in gender-differentiated groups of mid adulthood were examined. 274 females and 207 males who were in a work settings participated in this study. The results with Lisrel analyses revealed that perceived parental role and more strongly parental involvement which were determined by parents’ marital satisfaction, categoric belief, perspectivistic belief (but not for male sample) and general psychological well-being (but not for female sample) predicted the societal generativity and played some important mediating roles in the model. Both mothers’ and fathers’ parenting were related to societal generativity. Therefore, the direct influences of parental experiences on generativity indicate that parenting contributes to one’s sense of caring for the next generation or generativity development.


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In this study interpersonal world of the individual was tried to be conceived with its cognitive and affective domain. Two Studies were carried out. In the first study, adaptation of the Difficulty of Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) developed by Gratz & Roemer (2004), into Turkish was carried out. Additionally, the relation of secure (Ss), dismissing (Ds), preoccupied (Ps), fearful (Fs) and mixed insecure attachment styles with emotion regulation, and the mediator role of the emotion regulation in the assoc...
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Yurduşen (Acı), Sema; Gençöz, Tülin; Department of Psychology (2004)
This study aimed at revealing the mediational role of mothers̕ psychological adjustment between mothers̕ parental attitudes and their preschool children̕s behavioral problems relationship. The participants were 204 married mothers, 64 fathers, 195 chief teachers and 25 assistant teachers of preschool children aged between 1ư - 5 years-old, who are attending nurseries in different neighborhoods of Ankara. Prior to the main analyses, the reliability analyses of Child Behavior Check List - 1ư - 5 (CBCL ا 1ư - ...
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Baştuğ, Gülbahar; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Department of Psychology (2008)
This study aimed to examine relative effect of perceived expressed emotion of schizophrenic patients and their caregivers’ expressed emotion on the symptom severity and quality of life at the framework of Vulnerability-Stress Model. Before the main study, for evaluating the psychometric properties of the Perceived Expressed Emotion Scale (PEES) a pilot study was conducted with the seventy five patients. Results of the pilot study provided support for the reliability and validity of PEES that had two factors...
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Helvacı, Elif; Sümer, Nebi; Department of Psychology (2010)
The aim of the current study is to examine the potential parenting factors and mediating mechanisms that lead to ego-depletion within the framework of Self-Determination Theory. Previous research has suggested that whereas behaviourally controlling and autonomy-supportive parenting contributes to the development of autonomous motivation, psychologically controlling parenting leads to introjected motivation for self-regulation. Moreover, recent studies have shown that as compared to introjected regulation, a...
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Anafarta, Meltem; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Department of Psychology (2007)
Attachment theory which emphasizes the importance of the mother infant bond and its’ crucial role in determining multiple cognitive, emotional, and behavioral factors later in life, is gaining popularity in all domains of psychology. However, both in terms of conceptualization and methods of assessment, there is no consensus among the domains and this debate encourages researchers to develop new assessment methods to resolve the issue. The current study focused on the Turkish adaptation of the most recently...
Citation Formats
E. Karacan, “Effects of parenting on adult development and generativity,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2007.