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Internationalization of communication in Greater Eastern Mediterranean Region Turkey, Greece and Israel

Özyurt, Figen Gülçin
This thesis analyzes the current and possible impacts of the new global information and communication order regime institutionalized by the 1993 WTO agreements, GATS and TRIPS, and the following 1997 BTS agreement on Turkey, Greece and Israel, telecommunications markets, three important countries of the GEMED region. Since the early 1980s these countries have showed significant efforts to establish telecommunications systems and computer networks based on high- technology. They have adopted corporate-oriented strategies and complemented necessary changes consisting up of four stages: liberalization, deregulation, corporatization and privatization in order to internationalize and to realize full liberalization of their national telecommunications markets. Full liberalization and resulting internationalization process has increased interests of global telecommunications giants seeking new markets for their IT products and services based on NGN technologies to enter into the Turkish Greek, and Israeli telecommunications markets. Huge costs of NGN technologies will inevitably accelerate merging and resulting concentration process in the hands of the very few numbers of conglomerates will likely conclude with “back to natural monopoly position” whose rules will be defined by private monopoly consisting up of merging two or three the most powerful private conglomerates.