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Fuzzy association rule mining from spatio-temporal data: an analysis of meteorological data in turkey

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2008
Ünal Çalargün, Seda
Data mining is the extraction of interesting non-trivial, implicit, previously unknown and potentially useful information or patterns from data in large databases. Association rule mining is a data mining method that seeks to discover associations among transactions encoded within a database. Data mining on spatio-temporal data takes into consideration the dynamics of spatially extended systems for which large amounts of spatial data exist, given that all real world spatial data exists in some temporal context. We need fuzzy sets in mining association rules from spatio-temporal databases since fuzzy sets handle the numerical data better by softening the sharp boundaries of data which models the uncertainty embedded in the meaning of data. In this thesis, fuzzy association rule mining is performed on spatio-temporal data using data cubes and Apriori algorithm. A methodology is developed for fuzzy spatio-temporal data cube construction. Besides the performance criteria interpretability, precision, utility, novelty, direct-to-the-point and visualization are defined to be the metrics for the comparison of association rule mining techniques. Fuzzy association rule mining using spatio-temporal data cubes and Apriori algorithm performed within the scope of this thesis are compared using these metrics. Real meteorological data (precipitation and temperature) for Turkey recorded between 1970 and 2007 are analyzed using data cube and Apriori algorithm in order to generate the fuzzy association rules.