Cloning of the scytalidium thermophilum bifunctional catalase / phenol oxidase gene and expression in aspergillus sojae

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2008
Erçin, Hatice Özlem
Scytalidium thermophilum is a thermophilic fungus with an important role in the composting process of mushroom cultivation. An extracellular phenol oxidase of Scytalidium thermophilum (STEP) with novel features was previously studied in our laboratory. This enzyme later turned out to be a catalase having phenol oxidase activity. The aim of this study was to clone Scytalidium thermophilum bifunctional catalase/phenol oxidase encoding gene and express the gene in Aspergillus sojae for future site directed mutagenesis studies. Scytalidium thermophilum catalase gene was first cloned into E. coli XL1 Blue MRF’ and then heterologously expressed in Aspergillus sojae ATCC11906. For that aim, the catalase gene was amplified using specific primers, excluding the signal and pro-peptide coding regions and amplified fragment was then cloned into E.coli XL1 Blue MRF’ and sequenced. It was observed that the cloned gene, named as catpo, was 10 amino acids different from the amino acid sequence of the S.thermophilum catalase gene formerly cloned by Novo Nordisk. The catpo gene encoding a mature protein of 681 amino acids was then ligated onto expression vector pAN52-4 and the recombinant plasmid was transformed into Aspergillus sojae ATCC11906. Heterologous expression was observed under the control of the glyceraldehydes 3-phosphate dehydrogenese promoter of Aspergillus nidulans and the secretion signal of the glucoamylase gene of Aspergillus niger. Catalase activity of the transformants reached at a level of 13206 U/g at the end of the fourth day of cultivation. However, this is still lower than the catalase activity of the gene donor strain of Scytalidium thermophilum.

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Citation Formats
H. Ö. Erçin, “Cloning of the scytalidium thermophilum bifunctional catalase / phenol oxidase gene and expression in aspergillus sojae,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.