Effectiveness of a smoking cessation program combined with transdermal nicotine

Download
2008
Sönmez, Nurhak
The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation program combined with nicotine patches in a university student sample. Moreover, changes in self-efficacy judgments of both experimental and control group participants were examined. 37 students from various departments of Middle East Technical University participated in the study. Participants in the experimental group received a 6-week group based multicomponent smoking cessation program combined with nicotine patches, whereas those in the control group were provided with self-help booklets. Point prevalence abstinence was used as the main outcome measure, which was verified by CO-measurement in exhaled air both at post-treatment and follow-ups. Separate one-way ANOVAs and repeated measures ANOVAs were used in data analysis. Results showed that there were no significant differences between the experimental and control group in terms of their degree of motivation, readiness and decision to quit smoking, nicotine dependence, depression, self-efficacy, and perceived social support at pre-treatment. Results of the repeated measures ANOVA with CO-values showed that the CO-levels of experimental groups significantly declined from pre-treatment to post-treatment and to follow-ups. Abstinence rates for the experimental group were found to be 66.67%, 55.55% and 45.44% at post-treatment, 1-month follow-up and 2-months follow-up respectively. On the other hand, abstinence rates for the control group were found to be 11.76%, 5.88% and 5.88% at post-treatment, 1-month follow-up and 2-months follow-up respectively. Moreover, it was found that self-efficacy scores of experimental group participants significantly increased at post-treatment, whereas those of control group participants significantly decreased from pre-treatment to post-treatment. The findings were discussed in the light of the relevant literature. After discussing the limitations and implications of the study, directions for future studies were suggested.

Suggestions

Cinematherapy for alcohol dependent patients
Pur, İpek Güzide; Gençöz, Faruk; Department of Psychology (2009)
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of the cinematherapy technique on the treatment of alcohol dependent patients. In terms of change, selfefficacy, decisional balance and motivation levels of participants were examined. 94 alcoholic patients from a state hospital, and 14 members of Alcoholics Anonymous’ Istanbul groups participated in the study. Participants were either inpatients in the dependence treatment center, or alcohol dependent patients who had been clean and sober for various ...
The mediating role of metacognition on the relationship among depression/anxiety/negative impact of life experiences and smoking dependence
Yarış, Seval; Bozo Özen, Özlem; Department of Psychology (2010)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of metacognition as a mediator of the relationship between smoking dependence and depression/anxiety/ negative impact of life experiences. A sample of 202 adult smokers completed the following questionnaires: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Life Experiences Survey (LES), Meta-Cognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), and Fagerström Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). The path analyses were used to test a mediation model in w...
Psychological correlates of tobacco, alcohol and drug use among adolescents
Karakaş, Özge; Ayvaşık, H. Belgin; Department of Psychology (2006)
The aim of the present study was to identify sociodemographic and psychological correlates of adolescent tobacco, alcohol and drug use. Participants were 854 high school students (485 girls, 369 boys) aged between 14-18. Participants were administered a Demographic Information Form, Arnett Inventory of Sensation Seeking, seven subscales of Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI) and Tobacco, Alcohol and Drug Use Questionnaire. Twelve point two percent of the students reported cigarette use, 23.5 % reported alco...
The effects of brief psychoeducation program on the perceived expressed emotion levels of the outpatient schizophrenic patients and expressed emotion levels and burn out levels of their key relatives
Yüksel, Muazzez Merve; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Department of Psychology (2008)
The main aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a brief psycho-educational intervention for the key relatives of schizophrenic patients, on perceived expressed emotion of patients, and the expressed emotion and burn out of their key relatives. Seventy five schizophrenic patients and their key relatives were included in the study. They were assigned into three groups randomly. The key relatives in the first experimental group were given a one-day psychoeducational workshop and written material pa...
The impact of parental control and support on the development of chronic self-regulatory focus
Doğruyol, Burak; Sümer, Nebi; Department of Psychology (2008)
This study examined the interplay between parenting behaviors and self-regulatory focus in a sample of 320 university freshmen. Considering the theoretical assumptions and cultural differences, it is expected that specific parenting behaviors predict prevention and/or promotion self-regulatory focus. Especially, the dimensions of parental psychological control were expected to predict prevention focus. Participants completed multiple measures of parenting behaviors and self-regulatory focus. Self-regulatory...
Citation Formats
N. Sönmez, “Effectiveness of a smoking cessation program combined with transdermal nicotine,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.