Intermolecular addition of aldehydes to ketones via acyl phosphonates

Esiringü, İlker
This thesis presents a new developed method for first intermolecular aldehyde/ketone cross benzoin coupling. Protected α-keto tertiary alcohols are synthesized starting from easily available acyl phosphonates and ketones via Brook rearrangement in the presence of catalytic amount of cyanide ion. The scopes and the limitations of the methods for the synthesis of tertiary alcohols with α-keto group are discovered.


Asymmetric synthesis of N-aryl substituted chiral 1,4-aminoalcohol derivatives and applications in various asymmetric transformation reactions
Odabaş, Serhat; Tanyeli, Cihangir; Department of Chemistry (2007)
The asymmetric synthesis of N-aryl substituted chiral 1,4-aminoalcohols and their applications in asymmetric borane reduction and enantioselective diethylzinc addition to benzaldehyde reactions were performed starting from meso-anhydride 51 that is the cycloadduct of cyclopentadiene and maleic anhydride. The desymmetrization of meso-anhydride 51 was achieved by using quinine or quinidine with very high enantiomeric excess value (up to 98% ee) and with high chemical yield. The quinine-mediated desymmetrizati...
Catalytic asymmetric nitroaldol (Henry) reaction with a zinc-Fam catalyst
Bulut, Adnan; Aslan, Ayhan; Doğan, Özdemir (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2008-09-19)
Ferrocenyl-substituted aziridinylmethanol (Fam-1) was used as a catalyst with zinc for the asymmetric nitroaldol (Henry) reaction. This catalyst worked with a variety of aldehydes (aromatic, aliphatic, alpha,beta-unsaturated, and heteroaromatic) and alpha-ketoesters to give the nitroaldol product in up to 97% yield and 91% ee. The chiral ligand call be recovered and recycled Without losing its activity.
Development of acyl anion precursors and their applications
Reis, Ömer; Demir, Ayhan Sıtkı; Department of Chemistry (2005)
This thesis presents the development of new acyl anion precursors and their applications. The main concern of this thesis was to make use of acyl anion precursors in catalytic bond forming reactions. Toward this aim, previously known cyanide ion catalyzed cleavage of benzils was investigated in scope and efficiency in unsymmetrical benzoin condensation. Although benzils were proved to be useful entities as acyl anion precursors in benzoin condensation, they suffer some major drawbacks. Therefore acylphospho...
Asymmetric synthesis of norbornene based 1,4-Aminoalcohol derivatives and applications in asymmetric diethylzinc reactions
Erdem, Mine; Tanyeli, Cihangir; Department of Chemistry (2007)
The asymmetric synthesis of chiral norbornene based 1,4-aminoalcohols and their applications in asymmetric diethylzinc addition reactions was perfomed starting from meso-anhydride 50. The desymmetrization of this meso-anhydride 50 was done by the usage of quinine or quinidine cinchona alkaloids with very high enantiomeric excess values (up to 98% ee) and chemical yields. The Quinidine-mediated desymmetrization of meso-anhydride 50 with methanol gave (2R,3S)-(+)-cis-monoester 51. The amination of this result...
DFT calculations of pentalenoquinones: towards the interception of 2-bromopentalene-1,5-dione
Atalar, Taner; Algi, Fatih; Balcı, Metin (ARKAT USA, Inc., 2008-01-01)
To reveal the stability and the aromatic character of pentalenoquinones (PQs) 1-4 and the corresponding bromo derivatives (Br-PQs) 6-9, DFT calculations (B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p)) concerning the geometry optimization, total energy and nucleus independent chemical shift (NICS) values were performed. It was found that all of the compounds have planar geometry. As the energy difference between HOMO-LUMO energy levels (Delta epsilon=epsilon(LUMO) - epsilon(HOMO)) and total energies were considered for the pentalene f...
Citation Formats
İ. Esiringü, “Intermolecular addition of aldehydes to ketones via acyl phosphonates,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.