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Reaction of propargyl aldehydes with hydrazinium salts: synthesis of ferrocenyl and Phenyl substituted pyrazoles

Pınar, Ayşe Nur
Pyrazoles have been focus of a large number of investigations in the design and synthesis of novel biologically active agents that show remarkable medicinal activities. Although pyrazoles have been studied for over a century as an important class of heterocyclic compounds, they still continue to attract considerable attention due to the wide range of medicinal activities they possess. Recent studies have shown that combination of a ferrocenyl unit with structural features of pyrazoles can lead to products with enhanced or/and unexpected biological activity since several ferrocene derivatives have already been shown to be active against a number of tumors. As a result, we have investigated the reaction of 3-ferrocenylpropynal with hydrazinium salts. As anticipated, these reactions afforded two kinds of pyrazoles, namely 1-alkyl/aryl-5-ferrocenylpyrazoles (1,5-isomer) and 1-alkyl/aryl-3- ferrocenylpyrazoles (1,3-isomer). In most cases, 1,5-pyrazole isomers have resulted from these reactions as the single or the major product of the reactions. The structures of 1-benzyl-5-ferrocenylpyrazole, 1-phenyl-5-ferrocenyl-pyrazole and 1- (2-hydroxy-ethyl)-3-ferrocenylpyrazole were identified by X-ray single crystal analysis. The analogous reactions between 3-phenylpropynal and hydrazinium salts were also studied, which afforded 1-alkyl/aryl-5-phenylpyrazoles (1,5-isomer) and/or v 1-alkyl/aryl-3-phenylpyrazoles (1,3-isomer). The regioselectivity of the reactions is mainly governed by the nature of the substituents in hydrazine derivative.