Planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy, sequence stratigraphy and foraminiferal response to sedimentary cyclicity in the upper cretaceous-paleocene of the Haymana basin (Central Anatolia, Turkey)

Amirov, Elnur
The aim of this study is to establish the planktonic foraminiferal biozonation, to construct the sequence stratigraphical framework and to determine the foraminiferal response to sedimentary cyclicity in the sedimentary sequence spanning Upper Cretaceous-Paleocene in the Haymana basin (Central Anatolia, Turkey). In order to achieve this study, the stratigraphic section was measured from sedimentary sequence of the Haymana, Beyobası and Yeşilyurt formations. The sedimentary sequence is mainly characterized by flyschoidal sequence that is composed of alternating of siliciclastic and carbonate units. On the account of the detailed taxonomic study of planktonic foraminifers, the biostratigraphic framework was established for the Maastrichtian-Paleocene interval. The biozonation includes 7 zones; Pseudoguembelina hariaensis, Pα, P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5 zones. The Cretaceous-Paleogene (K/P) boundary was delinated between the samples HEA-105 and 106. In order to construct the sequence-stratigraphical framework, the A, B, C and D-type meter-scale cycles were identified. Based on the stacking patterns of them, six depositional sequences, six third and two second order cycles were determined. Third order cycles coincide with the Global Sea Level Change Curve. On the account of the conducted petrographic analysis sandstone, mudstone, marl, limestone and muddy-limestone lithofacies were recorded in the studied samples. In order to demostrate the response of foraminifers to cyclicity, quantitative analysis has been carried out by counting the individuals of planktonic, benthonic foraminifers and ostracods. The best response to sedimentary cyclicity was revealed from planktonic foraminifers. The average abundance of planktonic foraminifers increases in the transgressive systems tract and decreases in the highstand systems tract.


Post-paleocene deformation in Kalecik region, East of Ankara, Turkey
Kasımoğlu, Pınar; Rojay, Fuat Bora; Department of Geological Engineering (2010)
In order to understand the tectonic evolution of the Kalecik region (Ankara, Turkey), a structural field study was performed in a selected area located in the east of Kalecik, where mostly imbricated thrust sheets of the Cretaceous Ophiolitic melange crop out. In the study area, the Cretaceous Ophiolitic melange, Cretaceous radiolaria-bearing sequences and the Paleocene units are all intruded by sub-vertical dykes. The attitudes of planar structures (dykes, beds and faults) and the kinematic data measured o...
Esmeray-Senlet, Selen; Altıner, Sevinç; Altıner, Demir; Miller, Kenneth G. (2015-05-01)
The Cretaceous-Paleogene (K/Pg) boundary in the Haymana Basin, Central Anatolia, Turkey, was delineated using planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy, microfacies analysis, and sequence stratigraphy. An similar to 29 m outcrop consisting of limestone and marl was measured, and four planktonic foraminiferal biozones were identified spanning the boundary. Planktonic foraminiferal extinction across the K/Pg boundary was catastrophic and abrupt. The extinction level is overlain by a unit (Zone P0) showing an i...
Meter scale cycles in the eocene Çayraz Formation (Haymana Basin) and response of foraminifers to cyclicity
Erbaş (Geyikçioğlu), Bedia; Altıner, Demir; Department of Geological Engineering (2008)
The aim of this study is to investigate the nature of the meter-scale cycles in the Çayraz Formation of the Middle Eocene age and to study the response of foraminifera to the sedimentary cyclicity. In order to perform this study, two stratigraphic sections, which are 44,55 m and 25,95 m in thickness, were measured on a regularly bedded succession mainly composed of carbonates and siliciclastics in the Çayraz Formation of the Haymana Basin. In this study, detailed microfacies analyses were carried out in the...
Micropalentological analysis and sequence stratigraphy through upper tournaisian substage in Aladağ unit (Central Taurides, Turkey)
Dinç, Aksel Tuğba; Altıner, Demir; Department of Geological Engineering (2009)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the Upper Tournaisian substage within the Carboniferous carbonate deposits of the Aladağ Unit in the Hadim region (Central Taurides) based on foraminiferal diversity and to study the meter scale cyclicity in order to explain the sequence stratigraphic evolution of the carbonate succession. In this study, a 27.01 m thick stratigraphic section consisting of limestones and shales was measured and 89 samples, collected along this section, were analyzed. Micropaleontol...
Mineralogical, petrographical and geochemical properties of zeolite bearing tuffs in nw Anatolia (Turkey)
Özen, Sevgi; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Department of Geological Engineering (2008)
The purpose of this study is to understand the geological, petrographical, mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of analcime-bearing tuffs in the Biga Peninsula and to determine formation process of these tuffs. The study area lies between Ayvacık and Küçükkuyu. The rock units are pre-Eocene basement rocks, Miocene Behram Volcanics (Arıklı Tuff, andesite, andesitic agglomerate), Pliocene volcanics, Miocene lacustrine sediments (Küçükkuyu Formation) and Quaternary alluvium. Analcimes which are found ...
Citation Formats
E. Amirov, “Planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy, sequence stratigraphy and foraminiferal response to sedimentary cyclicity in the upper cretaceous-paleocene of the Haymana basin (Central Anatolia, Turkey),” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.