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Selection and fusion of multiple stereo algorithms for accurate disparity segmentation

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2008
Bilgin, Arda
Fusion of multiple stereo algorithms is performed in order to obtain accurate disparity segmentation. Reliable disparity map of real-time stereo images is estimated and disparity segmentation is performed for object detection purpose. First, stereo algorithms which have high performance in real-time applications are chosen among the algorithms in the literature and three of them are implemented. Then, the results of these algorithms are fused to gain better performance in disparity estimation. In fusion process, if a pixel has the same disparity value in all algorithms, that disparity value is assigned to the pixel. Other pixels are labelled as unknown disparity. Then, unknown disparity values are estimated by a refinement procedure where neighbourhood disparity information is used. Finally, the resultant disparity map is segmented by using mean shift segmentation. The proposed method is tested in three different stereo data sets and several real stereo pairs. The experimental results indicate an improvement for the stereo analysis performance by the usage of fusion process and refinement procedure. Furthermore, disparity segmentation is realized successfully by using mean shift segmentation for detecting objects at different depth levels.