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Effect of fiber and resin type on the axial and circumferencial tensile strength of fiber reinforced polyester pipe

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2008
Gökçe, Neslihan
In this study, the aim is to investigate the stiffness, longitudinal tensile strength and circumferential tensile strength of short fiber reinforced polyester composite pipes produced by centrifugal casting production method. To achieve this aim, theoretical calculation of modulus of elasticity of pipes was done and then test program was carried out on pipe samples produced with three different resin types which were orthophthalic, isophthalic and vinyl ester resin and three different fiber types which were E glass fiber, ECR glass fiber and basalt fiber. The tests were performed according to ISO (International Organization for Standardization) standards. When resin type and fiber type effect on the fiber reinforced polyester pipe samples were evaluated, calculated elastic modulus values were in accordance with the test results. According to the experimental test data, which were used to evaluate the effect of resin type on fiber reinforced polyester pipe properties, there is not a significant difference was observed in the stiffness, longitudinal and circumferential tensile strength test results of pipes having different resin types. In other words, there was not a significant effect of resin type on the stiffness, longitudinal tensile strength and circumferential tensile strength of short fiber reinforced pipes produced by centrifugal casting method. According to the experimental test data, which were used to evaluate the effect of fiber type on the properties of fiber reinforced polyester pipe, basalt fiber reinforced pipe samples showed higher mechanical performance over E glass fiber and ECR glass fiber reinforced pipes. However, the test results of basalt reinforced polyester pipe were not as good as the individual properties of basalt fiber. Finally, by comparing the basalt fiber reinforced pipe samples having almost the same stiffness and tensile test results as E glass fiber reinforced pipe samples, the gain in fiber and resin amount were investigated. Basalt fiber reinforced pipes were slightly lighter and thinner than E glass fiber reinforced pipes. However, the decrease in the amount of the fiber and resin in basalt reinforced pipe did not result in an overall cost reduction.