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Structural and mechanical investigations of magnesium and fluoride doped nano calcium phosphates

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2009
Sun, Zehra Pınar
The aim of this study was to investigate the microstructure and mechanical properties of pure and Mg2+ and F- doped nano-calcium phosphate (CaP) powders, which were synthesized by precipitation method. After the drying and calcination processes, the samples were sintered at 1100ºC for 1 hour. High densities were achieved except for the 7.5 % mole Mg doped samples. Microstructure of the CaPs were investigated by X- ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Due to the Mg substitution, β-TCP phase was detected besides HAp, resulting in the formation of HAp/ β-TCP biphasic composites with different compositions. The substitutions of the ions have been verified by the decrease in the hexagonal unit cell volumes of the doped CaPs. FTIR spectra revealed the characteristic absorption bands of HAp, β-TCP and the ones that were resulted from the F-OH bonds and substitution of the Mg2+ ions. The SEM results revealed the grain sizes in the range of ~197 nm-740 nm. In general, the micro hardness and diametral tensile strength tests revealed that Mg2+ ions in large amounts (7.5 % mole) had negative effects on the mechanical properties of the samples, while substitution of the F- ions had a positive effect on their mechanical properties.