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Hot cracking susceptibility of twin roll cast Al-Mg alloys

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2009
Tirkeş, Süha
Increasing use of aluminum alloys in the automotive industry increases the importance of the production of sheet aluminum. To provide cost effective sheet aluminum to the industry, twin-roll casting (TRC) is becoming more important compared to DC casting. Demand for usage of different aluminum alloys in sheet form introduces some difficulties that should be considered during their applications. The main problem encountered during the welding of aluminum alloys is hot cracking. The aim of this study is to understand the difference in hot cracking susceptibility of two twin roll cast (TRC) aluminum-magnesium alloys (5754 and 5049 alloys) during welding. Varestraint test method was used to evaluate the effect of welding parameters, strain levels, filler alloys and mid-plane segregation on hot cracking susceptibilities. Hot cracking susceptibility of both 5049(Al-2wt%Mg) and 5754(Al-3wt%Mg) alloys increased with increasing strain level. Also, it was observed that hot cracking susceptibility was higher for the alloy having higher magnesium content. Thermal analysis results verified that hot cracking susceptibility indeed can be related to the v solidification range. As is suggested in the solidification range approach, the results of the present study confirm that the extent of solidification and liquation cracking depend on the magnitude of solidification range and the strain imposed during welding. Hot cracking susceptibility of 5754(Al-3wt%Mg) alloy has shown slightly decreasing behavior with addition of 5356 filler alloy. On the other hand, addition of 5183 filler alloy has increased solidification cracking susceptibility of two base alloys. The fracture surfaces of liquation and solidification cracks were investigated by scanning electron microscope with EDS. Liquation crack surfaces of the 5754(Al-3wt%Mg) alloy were found to have high Mg and Si content. For the 5754(Al-3wt%Mg) alloy, a quench test was designed to observe the effect of mid-plane segregation zone. It was observed that there was a eutectic reaction resulting in formation of liquid phase below solidus temperature of 5754(Al-3wt%Mg) alloy. Moreover, internal cracks have formed at the mid-plane segregation zone after Varestraint test. Results show that 5049(Al-2wt%Mg) alloy should be chosen compared to 5754(Al-3wt%Mg) alloy for welding. Moreover, low line energy should be applied and filler alloys with high magnesium content should be used during welding to decrease hot cracking tendency of welds.