Effect of estimation in goodness-of-fit tests

Eren, Emrah
In statistical analysis, distributional assumptions are needed to apply parametric procedures. Assumptions about underlying distribution should be true for accurate statistical inferences. Goodness-of-fit tests are used for checking the validity of the distributional assumptions. To apply some of the goodness-of-fit tests, the unknown population parameters are estimated. The null distributions of test statistics become complicated or depend on the unknown parameters if population parameters are replaced by their estimators. This will restrict the use of the test. Goodness-of-fit statistics which are invariant to parameters can be used if the distribution under null hypothesis is a location-scale distribution. For location and scale invariant goodness-of-fit tests, there is no need to estimate the unknown population parameters. However, approximations are used in some of those tests. Different types of estimation and approximation techniques are used in this study to compute goodness-of-fit statistics for complete and censored samples from univariate distributions as well as complete samples from bivariate normal distribution. Simulated power properties of the goodness-of-fit tests against a broad range of skew and symmetric alternative distributions are examined to identify the estimation effects in goodness-of-fit tests. The main aim of this thesis is to modify goodness-of-fit tests by using different estimators or approximation techniques, and finally see the effect of estimation on the power of these tests.


Adaptive estimation and hypothesis testing methods
Dönmez, Ayça; Tiku, Moti Lal; Department of Statistics (2010)
For statistical estimation of population parameters, Fisher’s maximum likelihood estimators (MLEs) are commonly used. They are consistent, unbiased and efficient, at any rate for large n. In most situations, however, MLEs are elusive because of computational difficulties. To alleviate these difficulties, Tiku’s modified maximum likelihood estimators (MMLEs) are used. They are explicit functions of sample observations and easy to compute. They are asymptotically equivalent to MLEs and, for small n, are equal...
Pairwise multiple comparisons under short-tailed symmetric distribution
Balcı, Sibel; Akkaya, Ayşen; Department of Statistics (2007)
In this thesis, pairwise multiple comparisons and multiple comparisons with a control are studied when the observations have short-tailed symmetric distributions. Under non-normality, the testing procedure is given and Huber estimators, trimmed mean with winsorized standard deviation, modified maximum likelihood estimators and ordinary sample mean and sample variance used in this procedure are reviewed. Finally, robustness properties of the stated estimators are compared with each other and it is shown that...
Bayesian inference in anova models
Özbozkurt, Pelin; Tiku, Moti Lal; Department of Statistics (2010)
Estimation of location and scale parameters from a random sample of size n is of paramount importance in Statistics. An estimator is called fully efficient if it attains the Cramer-Rao minimum variance bound besides being unbiased. The method that yields such estimators, at any rate for large n, is the method of modified maximum likelihood estimation. Apparently, such estimators cannot be made more efficient by using sample based classical methods. That makes room for Bayesian method of estimation which eng...
Minimum variance quadratic unbiased estimation for the variance components in simple linear regression with onefold nested error
Gueven, Ilgehan (Informa UK Limited, 2006-01-01)
The explicit forms of the minimum variance quadratic unbiased estimators (MIVQUEs) of the variance components are given for simple linear regression with onefold nested error. The resulting estimators are more efficient as the ratio of the initial variance components estimates increases and are asymptotically efficient as the ratio tends to infinity.
Representation of Multiplicative Seasonal Vector Autoregressive Moving Average Models
Yozgatlıgil, Ceylan (Informa UK Limited, 2009-11-01)
Time series often contain observations of several variables and multivariate time series models are used to represent the relationship between these variables. There are many studies on vector autoregressive moving average (VARMA) models, but the representation of multiplicative seasonal VARMA models has not been seriously studied. In a multiplicative vector model, such as a seasonal VARMA model, the representation is not unique because of the noncommutative property of matrix multiplication. In this articl...
Citation Formats
E. Eren, “Effect of estimation in goodness-of-fit tests,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.