Stereoselective synthesis of cyclopentanoids and cyclitol derivatives originated from polychlorinated norbornene systems

Gümüş, Ayşegül
Optically active polychlorinated norbornene systems are important starting compounds for the synthesis of many complex molecules. The synthetic strategy of this study mainly depends upon the enzymatic resolution of hydroxymethyl-substituted polychlorinated norbornene structures. The enantiomerically enriched acetoxymethyl derivatives were synthesized in high ee values by several lipases. The absolute configuration of tetrachlorinated norbornene system was determined by X-ray analysis. The second part of the thesis involves the ruthenium and cerium-catalyzed oxidation reactions of various polychlorinated norbornene derivatives to afford α-diketones. The regioselectivity of ruthenium catalyst was tested in polychlorinated norbornadiene systems. In the third part of the study, cyclopentanoid derivatives were synthesized in high chemical yield starting from enantio-enriched both tetra- and hexa-chlorinated norbornene derivatives. In the last part of the study, stereo- and regioselective synthesis of carbasugar systems which are potential glycosidase inhibitors were performed. Starting from enantio-enriched acetoxymethyl substituted tetrachloro norbornene system both carbasugar by cleavage of C1-C7 bond and ‘confused’ carbasugar by cleavage of C4-C7 bond were synthesized.


Oxidative ring opening reactions of a-hydroxy ketones
Aybey, Ayşe; Demir, Ayhan Sıtkı; Department of Chemistry (2008)
Chiral polyfunctionalized 1,5-dicarbonyl compounds are important synthetic intermediates and starting materials for many biologically active compounds so their synthesis has a great importance in the literature. In the first step, 1,3-cyclohexandione and other b-diketone derivatives are protected under acid catalyzation and their corresponding b-keto enol ether derivatives are obtained. These b-keto enol ethers are then converted to a-acetoxy enones in racemic form by Mn(OAc)3 mediated oxidation. Enzymatic ...
Novel studies on the chemoenzymatic synthesis of polychlorinated bicyclic systems and the synthesis of C2 and C3 symmetric chiral ligands
Türkmen, Yunus Emre; Tanyeli, Cihangir; Department of Chemistry (2006)
Optically active polychlorinated bicyclic systems are important starting materials for the synthesis of complex target molecules. In the first part of the study, the syntheses of several racemic and meso hexachloronorbornene derivatives were executed successfully, starting from hexachlorocyclopentadiene. The enantio-enriched acetoxymethyl derivative (-)-2 and the hemiester (-)-6 were synthesized in high e.e. values by using several hydrolase type enzymes. The absolute configuration of (-)-2 was determined b...
Chemoenzymatic functionalization of cyclic 1,2-diketones
Biçer, Işıl; Akkaya, Engin Umut; Department of Chemistry (2006)
Chiral hydroxylated cyclopentane derivatives are important structural units in many biologically active compounds and are also important synthons for the asymmetric synthesis of natural products. Synthesis of these types of compounds in optically pure form found increased interest in pharmaceutical chemistry. For this purpose 5-acetoxy-3-methyl-2-methoxy-2-cyclopentene-1-one and 5-acetoxy-3-ethyl-2-methoxy-2-cyclopentene-1-one were acetoxylated using manganese (III) acetate at a’ positions. Enzyme catalyzed...
Synthesis of ferrocenyl cycloheptadienones
Açıkgöz, Canet; Zora, Metin; Department of Chemistry (2005)
Synthesis of seven-membered ring systems such as cycloheptadienones has attracted a great deal of attention in organic chemistry since they are present in a variety of biologically important molecules. Incorporation of the essential structures of such compounds with a ferrocene moiety instead of an aryl group could provide subtances with enhanced antitumor activities since some ferrocene derivatives have already proved to be active against a number of tumors. To develop a ferrocenyl-substituted seven-member...
Chemoenzymatic synthesis of chiral hydroxymethyl cycloalkenols
Şenocak, Deniz; Demir, Ayhan Sıtkı; Department of Chemistry (2004)
Chiral cyclic alkenols with hydroxymethyl functionality are important structural units in many biologically active natural compouds such as prostaglandins, sesquiterpene antiviral agents, pentenomycins, xanthocidin, sarkomycin, etc. 1,3-cycloalkanediones are converted into bicyclic polyoxo derivatives with formaldehyde and trioxane in the presence of Lewis acid. Selective oxidation of the bicyclic compounds by using manganese(III)acetate followed by enzyme-catalyzed kinetic resolution afforded chiral bicycl...
Citation Formats
A. Gümüş, “Stereoselective synthesis of cyclopentanoids and cyclitol derivatives originated from polychlorinated norbornene systems,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2009.