Numerical modeling of balçova geothermal field

Polat, Can
The aim of this study is to construct a numerical reservoir model for Balçova geothermal field, which is located in the İzmir bay area of the Aegean coast. A commercial numerical simulation program, TOUGH2 was utilized with a graphical interface, PETRASIM to model the Balçova geothermal field. Natural state modeling of the field was carried out based on the conceptual model of the field, then history matching of production – injection practices of the field was established for the period of 1996 – 2008. The final stage of modeling was the future performance prediction of the field by using three different Scenarios. In Scenario-1, production and injection rates in year 2008 were repeated for 20 years. In Scenario-2, production and injection rates in year 2008 were repeated for the first 3 years, then they were increased at every 3 years. In Scenario-3, a new well (BT-1) that is assumed to be drilled to 1000 m depth is added for injecting some portion of water that was injected through BD-8 well. In that scenario, similar to Scenario-2, production and injection rates in year 2008 were repeated during the first 3 years, and then the rates of these wells (except the new well) were increased every three years. Analysis of the results indicated that in Scenario-2, compared to Scenario-1, both the temperatures of deep wells located at the eastern portion of the field (BD-6, BD-2, BD-14, BD-9, BD-11, BD-12) and the temperatures of deep wells located at the western portion (BD-4, BD-15, BD-7, BD-5) decreased more. In Scenario-3, compared to Scenario-1, the deep wells located at the eastern side experienced less temperature drops while the deep wells located at the western side experienced higher temperature drops. Such temperature differences were not encountered in shallow wells. No significant changes in bottom hole pressures of deep wells occurred in all three scenarios. On the other hand, shallow wells, especially B-10 and B-5, responded to Scenario-2 and Scenario-3 as decrease in bottom hole pressures.


Numerical simulation of germencik geothermal field
Hamendi, Ahmed; Parlaktuna, Mahmut; Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (2009)
The Germencik Omerbeyli geothermal field is considered to be one of the most important geothermal fields in Turkey. A numerical modeling study was carried out to simulate the response of the field to different production/injection scenarios. The reservoir performance evaluation was based on the numerical simulation of the reservoir behavior using the simulation code TOUGH2. The numerical simulation model includes a total area of 85.8 km2 and extends from the surface at +330 m msl (mean sea level) to a depth...
Estimation of hydrologic parameters of Kocanaz watershed by a hydrologic model
Akay, Hüseyin; Baduna Koçyiğit, Müsteyde; Yanmaz, Ali Melih (2017-01-01)
The main goal of this study is to estimate the hydrologic parameters of Kocanaz watershed located in Western Black Sea Region, using a semi-distributed hydrologic model, Hydrologic Engineering Center – Hydrologic Modelling System (HEC-HMS). In this study, the hydrologic model was set up for two flood events occurred in 2002 and 2013, in which one was used for calibration while the other one was used for validation of the calibrated hydrologic parameters. The watershed was introduced into the model as a sing...
EDIGER, V; OKYAR, M; ERGIN, M (Elsevier BV, 1993-11-01)
High-resolution shallow seismic reflection (Uniboom) and echosounding profiles obtained on the shelf and upper slope areas of Anamur Bay (Turkey, northeastern Mediterranean) were studied together with previous data on the onshore geology of the area to investigate the origin and related seismic stratigraphy of the submarine Anamur Canyon. It was found that the main axial trend of the submarine Anamur Canyon is aligned with the offshore projection of the N-S orientated, onshore Anamur thrust fault of Late Cr...
Seismic Performance Evaluation of Concrete Gravity Dams by Using Pseudo Dynamic Testing and Simulations
Aldemir, Alper; Binici, Barış (null; 2017-11-24)
Dams are one of the mostimportantinfrastructure components servingfor water storage and energyproduction.Experimental studies on the seismic response of concrete gravity dams are scarce due to the complications regarding thelargescaleof dams and their interaction with the reservoir. This study presents the results of recent novel pseudo-dynamic dam tests (PSD) along with the nonlinear finite element simulations of the specimens. The test specimens were 1/75 scaled version of the highest ...
Seismic hazard assessment for Cyprus
Cagnan, Zehra; TANIRCAN, GÜLÜM (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2010-04-01)
In the present study, probabilistic seismic hazard assessment was conducted for Cyprus based on several new results: a new comprehensive earthquake catalog, seismic source models based on new research, and new attenuation relationships. Peak ground acceleration distributions obtained for a return period of 475 years for rock conditions indicate high hazard along the southern coastline of Cyprus, where the expected ground motion is between 0.3 and 0.4 g. The rest of the island is characterized by values repr...
Citation Formats
C. Polat, “Numerical modeling of balçova geothermal field,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.