A critique of Inter-American Development Bank's neoliberal discourse of exclusion

Menemencioğlu, Rifat Kerim
Exclusion has become a popular term in the recent two decades which is used to designate to the relatively disadvantageous people, groups, parties in different societies. Given the fact that concepts are not innocent, there is a need to think on the question of what “exclusion” as a concept excludes and includes different from other relevant concepts such as poverty, marginalization, and/or underclass. This thesis will try to answer these questions by focusing on the Inter- American Development Bank’s (IDB) discourse on exclusion in Latin America. It will argue that the IDB’s discourse on exclusion aims to reproduce the dominant neoliberal ideology in its post-Washington version. For by differentiating “exclusion” from “poverty” by associating the former with the practices, acts and cultures of social and political institutions specific to particular societies and states, IDB’s exclusion discourse creates a legitimate ground to proceed with the neoliberal transformations of states and societies in line with good governance. Keywords: Exclusion, Inclusion, New Poverty, Inter-American Development Bank.


Uneven Access to Local Power: Entrepreneurial Domination in the Design of Local Development in Chihuahua, Mexico
Topal Yılmaz, Aylin (Wiley, 2012-11-01)
Decentralization is generally accepted as one of the defining or distinguishing features of the third wave of democratic transition in Latin America. Decentralization, in fact, is commonly understood as an index and an agent of democratization. This article tests this optimistic perspective inherent in the literature and examines the effects of decentralization policies on the design of local development programs in a northern state of Mexico, Chihuahua. The case of Chihuahua shows that, although decentrali...
Evaluating cosmopolitanism in a globalized world : a case study of Turkish top managers in a multinational corporation
Yılmaz, Meltem; Yeğenoğlu, Meyda; Department of Sociology (2004)
With the spreading of globalization during 1980s, discourses about demise of nation states and relevance of post-national forms of institutions for contemporary politics have been widely accepted in social sciences. Cosmopolitanism, with its suggestions of extending democracy and citizenship beyond national boundaries, being world citizens, and creating universal political institutions has been considered as the project in line with these supposed conditions of globalization. This study evaluates theories i...
A Predecessor of the 2nd World War during Atatürk’s Era and a History of Creation of an American Camp: US Chief of Staff’s Turkey Visit Ramifications to the Present
Yorgun, İbrahim (2019-10-01)
It is a social memory among many communities of the 20th century as well as a presentation within the academic circles and publications that the 2nd World War was triggered in the Balkans due to the conflicts among various ethnical groups; and political developments following the war outbreak led the creation of the American and the Soviet camps. This widespread conviction also reveals that the war created a conducive atmosphere for America to rise as a world hegemon power in world ...
An Experimental investigation of change blindness by group eye tracking paradigm
Göl, Aysel Yasemin; Acartürk, Cengiz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2018)
The group effect refers to a decline in vigilance when an individual is in a social, group setting. Due to a diluted risk of being preyed upon and a higher number of group members that can detect a predator, members are less alert when they are in a group. The present study investigates if such an effect can be observed in human participants in a simple change detection task by employing group eye tracking (GET) paradigm. For this end, the visual phenomenon of change blindness is explored. In a within-subje...
The role of extracurricular activities in active citizenship education
Keser, Filiz; Akar, Hanife; Yildirim, ALİ (2011-01-01)
There have been multiple trends of building democratic citizens through formal education, and in the European context the trials have been dramatically increased with the Europeanization process since the 1980s. In line with this trend, an in-depth qualitative case study was carried out in a private primary school in Turkey to shed light on the role of school-based extra-curricular activities as a contemporary trend in building active citizenship values and competencies in students. Qualitative data were co...
Citation Formats
R. K. Menemencioğlu, “A critique of Inter-American Development Bank’s neoliberal discourse of exclusion,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.