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Synthesis and characterization of titanosilicate ets-10 for potential photovoltaic applications

Galioğlu, Sezin
Different kinds of nanoparticles are widely used in optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications to harvest light to increase efficiency of devices. ETS-10, which is a synthetic microporous material consisting of –Ti-O-Ti-O-Ti- wires that run in the crystal in a and b directions, has been of interest in such applications due to its unique properties. In the current study, the synthesis conditions of ETS-10 were investigated in order to obtain pure ETS-10 crystals with the desired morphology. For this purpose, ETS-10 crystals were synthesized using different molar compositions. The effects of several synthesis parameters on the obtained products were investigated. Furthermore, ETS-10 thin films were prepared on ITO glass substrates using secondary growth of ETS-10 for the first time. The orientation of the -Ti-O-Ti-O-Ti- wires inside ETS-10 were explored by preparing several ETS-10 films on the ITO glass substrates using secondary growth of ETS-10 multilayers with a partial a(b)-out-of-plane preferred crystal orientation. This orientation can be desirable for the advanced applications of ETS-10 films. Afterwards, silver nanoparticle modified ETS-10 crystals were prepared and characterized in detail to understand the interaction of silver nanoparticles with the synthesized ETS-10 crystals. For this purpose, ETS-10 in the as-prepared and silver nanoparticle containing forms have been characterized using, XRD, ICP-OES, SEM, HR-TEM, N2 Adsorption, XPS, and UV/VIS spectroscopy. In order to investigate the optical properties of the silver modified ETS-10, transmittance-reflectance measurements were carried out. In general, it is believed that all steps necessary for the preparation of ETS-10 films and preliminary steps for investigating ETS-10 for future photovoltaic applications were determined.