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Tuning the optoelectronic properties of conjugated polymers via donor-acceptor-donor architectures

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2010
Tarkuç, Simge
A new class of π-conjugated monomers was synthesized with combination of electron donating and electron-withdrawing heterocyclics to understand the effects of structural differences on electrochemical and optoelectronic properties of the resulting polymers. The use of this alternating donor-acceptor-donor strategy allows the synthesis of low band gap polymers in which the redox, electronic, and optical properties are controlled through easily approachable synthetic modification of the polymer backbone. This control allows fine-tuning of the band gap to values between 1.0 and 1.8 eV by making structural changes. These structural manipulations yield varied electronic absorption energies for a range of colors in the neutral polymer films, multi-colored electrochromism, and accessible states for reduction leading to n-type doping. The polymers prepared were characterized using cyclic voltammetry, colorimetry, and UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy demonstrating that the polymers can undergo both p- and n-type doping and color changes in both redox states.