Kinetic analyses of the effects of temperature and light intensity on growth, hydrogenm production and organic acid utilization by rhodobacter capsulatus

Sevinç, Pelin
Effects of temperature and light intensity on photofermentative hydrogen production by Rhodobacter capsulatus DSM1710 by use of acetic and lactic acids as substrates were studied. Experiments were conducted at 20, 30 and 38oC incubator temperatures under light intensities in the 1500 – 7000 lux range. pH of the medium and quantity of hydrogen forming together with quantity of biomass, and concentrations of acetic, lactic, formic, butyric and propionic acids in the medium were determined periodically. Growth took place and hydrogen was produced under all experimental conditions. Growth was found to increase with increase in temperature but to decrease with increase in light intensity. Total hydrogen produced increased with light intensity up to 6000 lux at 20oC, 5000 lux at 30oC and 3000 lux at 38oC and decreased beyond these values. Medium temperature of about 30oC was found to be optimum for cumulative hydrogen. pH was found to increase slightly and almost all of lactic acid and most of acetic acid was consumed while formic, butyric and propionic acids were first formed and then consumed in the experiments. Growth data fitted well to the logistic model and hydrogen production data fitted well to the Modified Gompertz Model. Lactic acid was found to be almost completely consumed by first order kinetics in early times. Consumption of acetic acid was found to follow zero order kinetics in the early times when lactic acid existed in the system but the order shifted to one later when most of lactic acid was consumed.