The association between metacognitions and psychological symptoms: moderator role of coping strategies

Download
2010
Safrancı, Başak
The present study firstly aimed to examine specific metacognitions as unique predictors of various psychological symptoms including anxiety, depression, worry and social anxiety. The second aim of the study was to investigate the moderator role of coping styles in the relationship between metacognitions and these psychological symptoms. Based on these aims, the study was conducted with 435 participants between the ages 18-35 and the following scales were administered in addition to demographic forms; Trait Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, Libowitz Social Anxiety Scale, Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 and The Ways of Coping Inventory. According to the results, Negative Beliefs Concerning Uncontrollability of Thoughts and Danger (MCQ-2) was found to be as significant predictor of all examined psychological symptoms. Positive Beliefs about Worry (MCQ-1) was also revealed as significant predictor of anxiety, worry and social anxiety and avoidance. Furthermore, the results revealed negative associations between Cognitive Self-Consciousness (MCQ-5) and anxiety, worry and social anxiety. Finally, Beliefs about Need to Control Thoughts (MCQ-4) was found to be related with increase in depression and decrease in worry. In addition, regression analyses revealed negative relationship between Problem-Focused Coping and anxiety, depression and worry; and positive relationship between Emotion-Focused Coping and anxiety, social anxiety and avoidance. The moderation models of coping styles was also supported in which coping ways moderate the relationship between metacognitions and psychological symptoms including depression, absence of worry, social anxiety and avoidance. Findings were discussed based on relevant literature; and clinical implications of the study and future directions were also provided.

Suggestions

Psychometric properties of anxiety sensitivity index-revised and the relationship with drinking motives and alcohol use in Turkish university students and patients
Çakmak, S. Şafak; Ayvaşık, H. Belgin; Department of Psychology (2006)
Anxiety Sensitivity (AS) consists of beliefs that the experience of anxiety symptoms leads to illness or additional anxiety. The aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure of the Turkish version of Anxiety Sensitivity IndexRevised (ASI-R), and to investigate associations among AS, alcohol use and drinking motives in university students and alcohol dependent inpatients. The participants were 411 university students (225 females and 186 males) and 55 (3 females and 52 males) alcohol dependen...
Patterns of Hemispheric Perceptual Asymmetries: Left Hemispatial Biases Predict Changes in Anxiety and Positive Affect in Undergraduate Women
Voelz, Zachary R.; Gençöz, Faruk; Gençöz, Tülin; Pettit, Jeremy W.; Perez, Marisol; Joiner, Thomas E. (American Psychological Association (APA), 2001-12-01)
Consistent with the tripartite model of anxiety and depression, hemispheric asymmetries may be differentially associated with depressive and anxious symptoms. Indeed, research has demonstrated that asymmetries do exist when examining hemispatial biases in both anxious and depressed individuals; however, the magnitude and direction of these asymmetries has been variable. The Chimeric Faces Task was used here to measure these asymmetries, along with measures for current and future levels of anxiety and depres...
Physiological hyperarousal as a specific correlate of symptoms of anxiety among young psychiatric inpatients
Gençöz, Faruk; Gençöz, Tülin (Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd, 2000-01-01)
Neuropsychological, cognitive, and factor-analytic models of anxiety and depression consistently view the physiological hyperarousal (PH) factor as a specific component of anxiety disorders and symptoms. In the present study, young psychiatric inpatients were assessed on self-report measures of PH, anxiety, and depression. PH was associated with symptoms of anxiety, but riot depressive symptoms, consistent with the specificity of PH to symptoms of anxiety.
Roles of perceived control and coping strategies on depressive and anxiety symptoms of Turkish adolescents
Ogul, M; Gençöz, Tülin (SAGE Publications, 2003-12-01)
This study aimed to test the importance of the match between control appraisals and coping responses as relating to the psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression in adolescents. Besides this match, by means of a survey study the main effects of control appraisals and coping strategies were tested via hierarchical regression analyses, which were run for anxiety and depression symptoms separately. Participants were 396 students (204 girls, 192 boys) whose ages were 11 to 18 years. After controlling for...
Examination of the roles of family functioning, coping styles and basic personality characteristics on depression and anxiety symptoms of mothers
Nadir, Ural; Gençöz, Tülin; Department of Psychology (2010)
This study aimed at revealing the role of the family functioning, coping styles, and basic personality characteristics on depression and anxiety symptoms of mothers. The participants were 155 mothers, having at least one child and living in Ankara. Beck Depression Inventory, Mc Master Family Assessment Device, Trait Anxiety Inventory, Basic Personality Traits Inventory, and The Ways of Coping Inventory were administered in addition to the demographic form. Firstly, it was expected that, there would be signi...
Citation Formats
B. Safrancı, “The association between metacognitions and psychological symptoms: moderator role of coping strategies,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.