Investigation of antioxidant activities of fruit juices and herbal teas and their antimicrobial effects on proteus mirabilis

Kümbet, Yeşim
Herbal teas and fruit juices used in our regular diet may have importance in the protective treatment of some infectious diseases. In this study, selected dietary beverages were investigated for their antioxidant capacities and antimicrobial activities against Proteus mirabilis, a well known bacteria in urinary tract infections. Herbal teas; sage (Salvia fruticosa Mill), anise (Pimpinella anisum L.), rosehip (Rosa canina L.), camomile (Anthemis arvensis L.) and fruit juices; grape (Vitis vinifera L.), orange (Citrus sinensis L.), peach (Prunus persica L.), and pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) were chosen as samples of regular diets. Selected fruit juices and aqueous infusion tea extracts, lyophilised to dryness, were used throughout this study. Antioxidant capacities of the extracts were carried out by using 2,2’-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical scavenging (ABTS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging (DPPH) methods along with the determination of total phenolic compounds in the extracts. Antimicrobial activities of extracts were determined by disc diffusion test, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) methods. Among the herbal teas, sage infusion extract has displayed the highest radical scavenging capacity with ABTS EC50 value of 5.152 mg/mL, DPPH EC50 value of 0.072 mg/mL and with its high phenolic content of 0.411 mg/mg gallic acid equivalence. Among the fruit juices pomegranate has revealed significantly high DPPH EC50 and TEAC values 0.924 mg/mL and 0.552 mmol/g, respectively. Peach juice has been found with the highest total phenolic amount of 0.067 mg/mg gallic acid equivalent. Antimicrobial activities of herbal teas were correlating with antioxidant capacity studies, whereas sage infusion tea extract exhibited 3 mg/mL of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and 6 mg/mL of minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). Rosehip was also found as an effective antimicrobial agent with a minimum inhibitory concentration value of 3 mg/mL. In the meantime, there was no significant difference in the zone inhibition of herbal tea infusion extracts. In case of fruit juices grape and pomegranate may be effective antimicrobials in P. mirabilis infections with 0.75 mg/mL MIC and 6 mg/mL MBC, respectively at the same time both juices revealed significantly high inhibition zones with 11 mm.