Proposal of a validation model for instructional simulators

Sancar, Hatice
There were two aims of the study. First one was to validate a truck simulator designed to train truck drivers on economic fuel consumption. Second one was to develop a simulator validation model for instructional simulators. This aim merged as a result of literature review since there is a controversy on the categorization and application of validation approaches. To accomplish two aims, the simulator validation approaches were categorized according to their descriptions in the literature, namely, “Behavioral”, “Face” and “Instructional” validation and combined in the current study. Blending Mixed Methods Research Design and Designed Case Formative Research Design were employed together in order collect data. To validate the simulator and investigate the main characteristics of instructional validation process, 110 truck drivers from a logistics and transportation company participated to the economic fuel consumption training. The data were collected in two parts as during the training and 5 months after the training. Both quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used to collect data. To analyze the qualitative data, open coding analysis method were employed and quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS statistics software. According to the study results, although the Truck Simulator did not represent the real model in 100% percent or had some usability problems, it was valid in overall since it did what it was supposed to do during the training. Also, the results of the study showed that the validation determination should have been done according to the instructional goals; not the reality or usability of it.
Citation Formats
H. Sancar, “Proposal of a validation model for instructional simulators,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2010.