Effect of welding parameters on the hot cracking behavior of 7039 aluminum - zinc alloy

Akkuş, Mert
7039 aluminum alloys are widely being used in the aerospace, automotive and defense industries in which welding technique is used for their joining. The main problem encountered during the welding of 7039 aluminum alloy is hot cracking. The aim of this study is to understand the effect of welding parameters on the hot cracking behavior of 7039 aluminum alloy by using Modified Varestraint Test (MVT) with Gas Tunsgten Arc Welding (GTAW) technique. During tests, welding speed was selected as varying parameter, welding current was kept constant and to understand the effect of filler materials 5183 and 5356 aluminum alloy filler materials were used. It has been observed that with the change in welding speed hot cracking susceptibility of 7039 aluminum alloy changes. The effect of filler materials is found to be favorable by decreasing the hot cracking susceptibility of 7039 aluminum alloy. Filler material additions also improved the hardness of the weld metal. Based on the cracking mechanism hot cracks were investigated as solidification cracks and liquation cracks. It has been experienced that liquation cracking susceptibility of the filler material added samples has been affected from the magnesium and manganese contents of the weld seams. Effect of solidification range on liquation cracking was also justified with differential thermal analyses. With the micro examinations the intergranular structure of hot cracking is revealed. In addition, the characterization and growth properties of the hot cracks under cyclic load were tried to be understood and the fractography of these cracks were taken.


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Citation Formats
M. Akkuş, “Effect of welding parameters on the hot cracking behavior of 7039 aluminum - zinc alloy,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.