Parameter estimation in generalized partial linear models with Tikhanov regularization

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2010
Kayhan, Belgin
Regression analysis refers to techniques for modeling and analyzing several variables in statistical learning. There are various types of regression models. In our study, we analyzed Generalized Partial Linear Models (GPLMs), which decomposes input variables into two sets, and additively combines classical linear models with nonlinear model part. By separating linear models from nonlinear ones, an inverse problem method Tikhonov regularization was applied for the nonlinear submodels separately, within the entire GPLM. Such a particular representation of submodels provides both a better accuracy and a better stability (regularity) under noise in the data. We aim to smooth the nonparametric part of GPLM by using a modified form of Multiple Adaptive Regression Spline (MARS) which is very useful for high-dimensional problems and does not impose any specific relationship between the predictor and dependent variables. Instead, it can estimate the contribution of the basis functions so that both the additive and interaction effects of the predictors are allowed to determine the dependent variable. The MARS algorithm has two steps: the forward and backward stepwise algorithms. In the rst one, the model is built by adding basis functions until a maximum level of complexity is reached. On the other hand, the backward stepwise algorithm starts with removing the least significant basis functions from the model. In this study, we propose to use a penalized residual sum of squares (PRSS) instead of the backward stepwise algorithm and construct PRSS for MARS as a Tikhonov regularization problem. Besides, we provide numeric example with two data sets; one has interaction and the other one does not have. As well as studying the regularization of the nonparametric part, we also mention theoretically the regularization of the parametric part. Furthermore, we make a comparison between Infinite Kernel Learning (IKL) and Tikhonov regularization by using two data sets, with the difference consisting in the (non-)homogeneity of the data set. The thesis concludes with an outlook on future research.

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Citation Formats
B. Kayhan, “Parameter estimation in generalized partial linear models with Tikhanov regularization,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.