The cultic landscapes of Phrygia

Özarslan, Yasemin
This thesis examines Phrygian cultic sites in Western Phrygia from the perspective of landscape using a range of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) analyses. More specifically, it explores spatial relationships between these cultic sites and the regional geographical context with reference to certain environmental and cultural parameters. These include topography, geology, and distance to settlements, hilltop sites, and ancient roads. A total of 30 Phrygian cultic sites form the primary archaeological evidence. Secondary archaeological evidence covers a range of mound settlements and hilltop sites associated with Phrygian culture. The study heavily relies on the readily available archaeological site data from related publications and recent surveys in the region. Geographic datasets used include ASTER Global DEM and derived surfaces, as well as digital geological and historical maps. This study contributes to our understanding of Phrygian cultic sites by revealing certain patterns as to their locations. It also brings all the available site data from Western Phrygia together for the first time. Ultimately, it suggests that the “highlandscapes” of Phrygia with spectacular geological formations could have played a crucial role on the cultic site locations.


Zircon typology and chemistry of the granitoids from central anatolia, Turkey
Köksal, Serhat; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Department of Geological Engineering (2005)
This thesis investigates the morphological, chemical and growth characteristics of zircon mineral in relation with the granitoid petrology. Physical and chemical variations recorded within zircon crystals during evolution of the Central Anatolian Granitoids are discussed. The thesis focuses on twelve granitoid samples from the Ekecikdag, Agaçören and Terlemez regions from western part of central Anatolia. These granitoids are differentiated into S- and H-type granitoids on the basis of field, petrographical...
A GIS based spatial data analysis in Knidian amphora workshops in Reşadiye
Kıroğlu, M. Fatih; Tuna, Numan; Düzgün, Şebnem; Department of Geodetic and Geographical Information Technologies (2003)
The main objective of this study is to determine main activity locations and correlation between different artifact types in an archaeological site with geographical information systems (GIS) and spatial data analyses. Knidian amphora workshops in Datça peninsula are studied in order to apply GIS and spatial statistical techniques. GIS capabilities are coupled with some spatial statistical software and spatial data analysis steps are followed. Both point and area datasets are examined for the effective anal...
Relationships between topography and Kerkenes (Turkey), a GIS analysis
Çayırezmez, Nurdan Atalan; Summers, Geoffrey; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2006)
This study investigates the effect of topography in ancient city “Kerkenes” using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Kerkenes, an Iron Age city located on a batholith in Yozgat province, Turkey, was chosen because of its exceptional size, short life and the availability of extensive data. Approximately seven kilometres of city wall in Kerkenes, including towers and seven gates, enclose 2.5 km². The research comprises topographic analysis and settlement data analysis. Elevation values collected by Global ...
Çevre Kale : applications of newly developed methods, technology and data for understanding the iron age city in Yaraşlı
Özgüner, Nimet Pınar; Summers, Geoffrey; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2006)
The purpose of this thesis is to test the validity of applications of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems in Anatolian archaeology. The focus of the study is an Iron Age fortress Çevre Kale and its associated structures. During the course of the study, 5 km long outer wall enclosing a territory around Çevre Kale documented for the first time by employing high altitude aerial imagery. In addition to the GIS analyses, examination of the geology, land use and soil quality data showed that the o...
Integration of geophysical - geological data using geographic information systems
Şirinyıldız, Tunç; Toprak, Vedat; Department of Geodetic and Geographical Information Technologies (2003)
This study attempts to integrate geophysical data with other spatial data using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The study is carried out in a part of Galatean Volcanic Province, north of Ankara. Gravity, magnetic, topographic, rock type and volcanic eruption center data are the data layers used in the study. All data layers are converted to raster format with a grid spacing of 100 m. The first step in the analysis is the pair-wise analyses of all data layers. For the geophysical data, different layers...
Citation Formats
Y. Özarslan, “The cultic landscapes of Phrygia,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.