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Exploiting information extraction techniques for automatic semantic annotation and retrieval of news videos in Turkish

Küçük, Dilek
Information extraction (IE) is known to be an effective technique for automatic semantic indexing of news texts. In this study, we propose a text-based fully automated system for the semantic annotation and retrieval of news videos in Turkish which exploits several IE techniques on the video texts. The IE techniques employed by the system include named entity recognition, automatic hyperlinking, person entity extraction with coreference resolution, and event extraction. The system utilizes the outputs of the components implementing these IE techniques as the semantic annotations for the underlying news video archives. Apart from the IE components, the proposed system comprises a news video database in addition to components for news story segmentation, sliding text recognition, and semantic video retrieval. We also propose a semi-automatic counterpart of system where the only manual intervention takes place during text extraction. Both systems are executed on genuine video data sets consisting of videos broadcasted by Turkish Radio and Television Corporation. The current study is significant as it proposes the first fully automated system to facilitate semantic annotation and retrieval of news videos in Turkish, yet the proposed system and its semi-automated counterpart are quite generic and hence they could be customized to build similar systems for video archives in other languages as well. Moreover, IE research on Turkish texts is known to be rare and within the course of this study, we have proposed and implemented novel techniques for several IE tasks on Turkish texts. As an application example, we have demonstrated the utilization of the implemented IE components to facilitate multilingual video retrieval.