Literary spaces as the representation of dominant ideologies in the context of dystopias written between 1920 and 1950

Çavdar, Rabia Çiğdem
This thesis is an attempt to understand the relations between architecture and ideology in literary spaces in the context of Dystopias. It will pursue a definition of the relation between architecture and ideology to understand how the paradigmatic changes affect literary form of architecture to pose revolutionary thought(s). Literature often presents a dystopia or utopia to criticise its own written time, and literary text itself, is both a collection and a pressed version of that time. That is why to examine the ideologies and ideological changes in the period from 1920 to 1950, literary text and constructed spaces in dystopias are used as apparatus to form both the dominant ideology with its negative points and the revolutionary one as a space of resistance. Main discussion will be based on literary spaces in three dystopias; We written by Russian novelist Yevgeny Zamyatin, Brave New World written by Aldous Huxley and Nineteen Eighty Four written by George Orwell. These cases will be used to open the claim that dominant ideology determines the spatial distances of revolutionary thoughts and architecture, and appear as both cause and result of a materialisation of thoughts, thereby forming a dialectic representation of that ideology. Four main items will form the thesis; architecture, ideology, literary spaces (textual spaces) and trilogy of utopia/dystopia/heterotopias.


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Citation Formats
R. Ç. Çavdar, “Literary spaces as the representation of dominant ideologies in the context of dystopias written between 1920 and 1950,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2011.