Evaluation of seismic resistance of traditional Ottoman timber frame houses

Aktaş, Yasemin Didem
The aim of this study is to evaluate the seismic resistance of traditional Ottoman timber frame “hımış” structures, which form the major part of Turkey’s cultural heritage, from an engineering point of view. On the other hand, the seismic resistance of traditional Ottoman timber frame structures was not evaluated from an engineering perspective. For the aim of seismic resistance evaluation of traditional Ottoman timber frame houses, the TUBITAK (the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey) project numbered 106M499 was carried out. Within this framework, 16 tests were carried out in the Structural Mechanics Laboratory of Middle East Technical University, by means of 8 1-1 scale timber frames of different geometrical configurations and material, carefully selected from traditional houses in Safranbolu, representing Ottoman timber frame “hımış” technique. The frames were tested without and with different infill/covering types, and parameters that directly or indirectly indicate the behavior of a structure under earthquake loading were derived from the results obtained at the end of experimental work. In addition, capacity calculations were carried out for each test, using ATC-40 procedure. The results demonstrated that Ottoman timber frame “hımış” houses are seismically resistant, and yet there are a number of important points that should be obeyed in their construction regarding size of diagonal elements, size and placement of openings, intervals between vertical studs, as well as connection details. It is also seen that certain infill/covering materials/methods are more advantageous than the others; for example, covering techniques results in a higher amount of maximum lateral load that the frame can bear under the same displacement. Infill with masonry blocks results in a larger increase in weight than in load bearing capacity. The conclusions drawn are intended to be used not only in the conservation of such structures but they are also expected to direct modern seismically resistant constructions.


Construction techniques of traditional Güdül houses
Yaren Celen, Nu; Gökce, Fuat; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2019)
The aim of this study is to prepare comprehensive and reliable documentation about construction techniques and materials of traditional houses in Güdül, district of Ankara, considering construction processes. For this purpose, studies about general features and history of Güdül as well as preservation activities in the settlement were collected and reviewed. By evaluating collected information from literature research and documentation of collected data on site surveys, architectural characteristics of Güdü...
Comparative study of the structure of traditional timber housing in Turkey and Japan
Matsushıta, Satsukı; Balamir, Aydan; Department of Architecture (2004)
The objective of this thesis was to examine the structural order of traditional timber houses in Turkey and Japan. A comparative analysis, based on literature and a case study was made toestablish differences of traditional timber structures in the two countries by examining their spatial organization, spans and pitches of the timber components. Four Houses were chosen for survey from Safranbolu, Turkey and Gokayama, Japan. Following two points were appeared as a conclusion: in Turkey, the structural order ...
Understanding the construction technique of Mimar Sinan’s buildings: the case of Lüleburgaz Sokullu Mehmed Paşa Mosque
Etyemez Çıplak, Leyla; Şahin Güçhan, Neriman; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2017)
This dissertation constructs a comprehensive understanding of the construction techniques applied and developed by Mimar Sinan, which underlie the structural characteristics of 16th century Ottoman Architecture. Conducting a research into the literature on Classical Ottoman Architecture and Mimar Sinan’s buildings, the study distinguishes Sokullu Mehmed Paşa Menzil Complexes in Lüleburgaz, Havsa and Payas among the buildings and complexes as known to be designed by Mimar Sinan. It focuses on the mosques of ...
Upgrading the old: the adaptation of traditional residential buildings to the contemporary life
Avcı, Deniz; Bilgin Altınöz, Ayşe Güliz; Restoration in Department of Architecture (2012)
Traditional residential buildings constitute an important part of Turkey’s cultural heritage. However, in most of the cases, these buildings face with the problems of arbitrary alterations disregarding their values, abandonment, neglect and even demolition. To prevent these problems, they need to be 'upgraded' to the contemporary life, while sustaining their values and cultural significance. During this 'upgrading' process, the most common and important problems are faced with during the re-functioning of t...
An investigation of strengthening of historical masonry constructions by steel skeleton
Küçükdoğan, Bilge; Ünay, Ali İhsan; Department of Building Science in Architecture (2007)
Historical masonry structures are important cultural assets which reveal the social, archaeological, aesthetic, economical, political, architectural and technical features of their times. Within the course of the time, the structures have been exposed to the destructive effects of the nature and the man. Some has been able to survive somehow and others were totally ruined. Most of the remained structures are in vulnerable condition to upcoming effects and for the continuity of their presence, structural str...
Citation Formats
Y. D. Aktaş, “Evaluation of seismic resistance of traditional Ottoman timber frame houses,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.