Understanding conscientious objection as resistance: theories of self in Stirner and Foucault

Download
2011
Çol, Berna
The main objective of this thesis is to examine conscientious objection to military service as a case of resistance to modern power in relation with the possibilities of “self”. In this context, Max Stirner’s theory of “ego” and Michel Foucault’s conceptualisations of modern power and modern subject are critically analyzed. In accordance with the relation between conscientious objection and the possibilities of self, Foucault’s theories of “power over life” and “ethics of care of self” are discussed by examining disciplinary power and bio-power in relation with militarized society characterized by universal male conscription. On the other hand, Stirner’s theory of “the union of egoists” and his conceptualization of “Ownness” is employed in order to investigate the possibilities of constituting an autonomous self. This study reveals that the act of conscientious objection overlaps objector’s endeavour of creating an autonomous self. It is argued that following Stirnerian and Foucauldian conceptualisations of “self”, the objector, by refusing external power over his/her will in militarized society, indeed, engages in a struggle to constitute his/her own definition of self and his/her way of life.

Suggestions

The right to conscientious objection under European regime of human rights, with special reference to Turkish practice
Kılıç, Cerenmelis.; Polat, Necati; Department of International Relations (2019)
This master's thesis examines the right to conscientious objection to military service, a long-discussed right in international human rights law. Besides the legal and practical initiatives on the conscientious objection of international authorities— primarily the United Nations at the global level and the Council of Europe at the regional level—, the thesis primarily addresses the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights on conscientious objection. The European Court of Human Rights, the monitoring o...
Applying Machiavellian Discourses to Russian Hybrid Warfare
Yaman, Fuat; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of Eurasian Studies (2022-3)
This thesis aims to analyze the underlying necessitates related to the implementation of the hybrid warfare concept by the Russian Federation within the conceptual framework of Machiavellian political philosophy that prerequisites well-being of the state above all the idealist considerations, thereby requiring the statesman to adapt to whatever changing circumstances necessitate. This thesis claims that certain political and military events that the Russian Federation has witnessed in the near history, such...
Conscientious objection in Turkey : a study of social representations
Sayılan, Gülden; Öner Özkan, Bengi; Department of Psychology (2013)
This study has been conducted with the purpose of revealing the prevailing social representations related to conscientious objection and conscientious objectors in Turkey. In order to fulfill this aim, a media study and an interview study have been conducted. In the media study, the reports and opinion columns of five national newspapers representing various political ideologies were qualitatively analyzed over a period of three months. Results have shown that there exist prevailing representations of consc...
Nietzsche and Foucault on the relation between knowledge and power
Yıldız, Necdet; Karademir, Aret; Department of Philosophy (2019)
This thesis analyzes the Nietzschean and the Foucauldian ideas concerning the relation between knowledge and power, in order to show that the philosophies in question have different advantages and disadvantages for different purposes. This means that new philosophical and political doors may be opened for us with the critical dialogue of the thoughts of these thinkers. In this thesis, by reading Nietzsche and Foucault as complementary to one another, I quest for the philosophical and political results of su...
An Analysis of trade wars in relation product cycle theory: The case of American and Japanese commercial interaction
Mamedova, Ilana; Tayfur, Mehmet Fatih; Department of International Relations (2003)
This thesis analyzes the inherent significance of trade wars in a practical as well as in a theoretical sense. The preliminary intention of the present research is to provide three different understandings of the trade war concept. Firstly, a general understanding of trade wars is introduced, primarily focusing on the technical aspects of the issue and its political and economic dimensions. Secondly, trade wars are viewed in a specific case study context: the Japanese-American commercial relations and their...
Citation Formats
B. Çol, “Understanding conscientious objection as resistance: theories of self in Stirner and Foucault ,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.