Association of the CYP2E1, FMO3,NQO1,GST,NOS3 genetic polymorphisms with ischemic stroke risk in Turkish population

Özçelik, Aysun
Stroke, a major cause of death and disability, is described as interruption or severe reduction of blood flow in cerebral arteries. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and carotid atherosclerosis is a risk factor for stroke. Combination of multiple environmental and genetic risk factors is thought to increase susceptibility to the development of this disease. Therefore, investigation of the polymorphisms of drug metabolizing enzymes is of crucial importance to determine the molecular etiology of the disease. The main objective of this study was to investigate the possible association between polymorphisms of enzymes causing oxidative stress (CYP2E1, FMO3 and NOS3) and enzymes protecting against oxidative stress (GST and NQO1), and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and ischemic stroke risk. The study population consisted of 245 unrelated ischemic stroke patients and 145 healthy control subjects. There was no statistically difference between the patient and control groups in terms of age and gender. Hypertension, diabetes, smoking and obesity were found to be at least 2 times more common in stroke patients than controls. While total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol level were higher in stroke patients, HDL-cholesterol level was lower in stroke patients when compared to controls. In the case-control analyses for the risk of ischemic stroke, CYP2E1*5B mutant allele, *5B was found to be associated with the development of disease (Odds Ratio; OR=7.876, 95%CI=1.025-60.525, P=0.019). In addition, significant difference was observed between stroke patients and controls with respect to CYP2E1*5B genotype distribution (OR=0.869, 95%CI=1.044-62.339, P=0.017). On the other hand, in the NQO1*2 polymorphism, together with NQO1 heterozygote (*1*2), NQO1 homozygote mutant (*2*2) genotype was found protective against ischemic stroke (OR=0.627, 95%CI=0.414-0.950, P=0.027). The risk of hypertensive individuals having stroke was highest in the FMO3 472GA group (OR=6.110, P=0.000). In diabetics, GSTP1 313AG genotype was found to be the highest risk factor for stroke (OR=3.808 P=0.001). On the other hand, NQO1 *1*2 heterozygote genotype was associated with 5 times increased risk for stroke in smokers (OR=5.000, P=0.000). In addition GSTM1 present genotype constituted 8 times increased stroke risk in obese individuals (OR=8.068, P=0.001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity and smoking were significant risk factors for stroke. On the other hand, HDL-cholesterol and having NQO1 *1*2 heterozygote genotype were found to be protective factors against stroke.
Citation Formats
A. Özçelik, “Association of the CYP2E1, FMO3,NQO1,GST,NOS3 genetic polymorphisms with ischemic stroke risk in Turkish population,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.