Pricing default and financial distress risks in foreign currency-denominated corporate loans in Turkey

Yılmaz, Aycan
The globalization leads to integration of the economies worldwide. As the firms' businesses also get integrated with each other, the financing choices of the firms diversify. Among these choices, the popularity and the share of foreign currency borrowing in total borrowing by non-financial firms increase in Turkey similar to the global developments. The main purpose of this thesis is to price the risks of default and financial distress due to foreign currency denominated loans of non-financial firms in Turkey. The valuation model of foreign currency corporate loans is established by two state variable option pricing model based on the study of Cox, Ingersoll and Ross. In our model, the main risk factors are identified as the exchange rate and the interest rate, which are the state variables of the main partial differential equation whose solution gives the value of the asset. The numerical results are tested for different parameters and for different economic environments. The findings show that interest rate fluctuations are more important both for the default and financial distress option values than the fluctuations in exchange rate. However, the effect of upside movements of exchange rate on the financial distress and default values is sharper than the downside movement effect of interest rate. Furthermore, high loan-to-value (LTV) foreign currency loans result in significantly high financial distress values that cannot be disregarded and can lead to default of the firm. To the best of our knowledge, this thesis is the first study that develops a structural model to evaluate foreign currency denominated corporate loans in an option-pricing framework.