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A computational approach to nonparametric regression: bootstrapping cmars method

Yazıcı, Ceyda
Bootstrapping is a resampling technique which treats the original data set as a population and draws samples from it with replacement. This technique is widely used, especially, in mathematically intractable problems. In this study, it is used to obtain the empirical distributions of the parameters to determine whether they are statistically significant or not in a special case of nonparametric regression, Conic Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (CMARS). Here, the CMARS method, which uses conic quadratic optimization, is a modified version of a well-known nonparametric regression model, Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS). Although performing better with respect to several criteria, the CMARS model is more complex than that of MARS. To overcome this problem, and to improve the CMARS performance further, three different bootstrapping regression methods, namely, Random-X, Fixed-X and Wild Bootstrap are applied on four data sets with different size and scale. Then, the performances of the models are compared using various criteria including accuracy, precision, complexity, stability, robustness and efficiency. Random-X yields more precise, accurate and less complex models particularly for medium size and medium scale data even though it is the least efficient method.