Economic relations between Turkey and Iran from 1990 to 2010: a Turkish perspective

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2011
Eruysal, Esra
This study aims to analyze the transformation of Turkey’s relations with Iran in the 1990s and 2000s from the perspective of “trading state” in a historical framework. In this context, the political and economic relations between Turkey and Iran are discussed by taking into consideration the internal transformation of Turkish economy. This thesis argued that the course of Turkey’s relations with Iran in the 1990s is mainly shaped by the military-political considerations. Not only political but also economic relations between Turkey and Iran were negatively affected by tensions and rivalry between the parties during the 1990s. Despite the counter-efforts of some of the business circles and the political parties, neither the economic nor the political relations did improve. Unlike the 1990s, Turkey’s relations with Iran in the 2000s are largely shaped by economic and commercial considerations. Increasing dialogue and developing cooperation at the political level are positively reflected in the economic relations. As a result of the eagerness of Turkish businessmen towards the development of economic relations with Iran and the intensive support of the political elites, economic relations substantially improved in the 2000s. However, rising foreign trade relations between the parties created an asymmetric dependence to the detriment of Turkey, rather than mutual interdependence as Iran benefits more from this relationship due to its oil and natural gas exports. The increasing relationship between Turkey and Iran supports the argument that Turkey is emerging as a “trading state” in the 2000s.
Citation Formats
E. Eruysal, “ Economic relations between Turkey and Iran from 1990 to 2010: a Turkish perspective,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2011.