An extension to the variational iteration method for systems and higher-order differential equations

Download
2011
Altıntan, Derya
It is obvious that differential equations can be used to model real-life problems. Although it is possible to obtain analytical solutions of some of them, it is in general difficult to find closed form solutions of differential equations. Finding thus approximate solutions has been the subject of many researchers from different areas. In this thesis, we propose a new approach to Variational Iteration Method (VIM) to obtain the solutions of systems of first-order differential equations. The main contribution of the thesis to VIM is that proposed approach uses restricted variations only for the nonlinear terms and builds up a matrix-valued Lagrange multiplier that leads to the extension of the method (EVIM). Close relation between the matrix-valued Lagrange multipliers and fundamental solutions of the differential equations highlights the relation between the extended version of the variational iteration method and the classical variation of parameters formula. It has been proved that the exact solution of the initial value problems for (nonhomogenous) linear differential equations can be obtained by such a generalisation using only a single variational step. Since higher-order equations can be reduced to first-order systems, the proposed approach is capable of solving such equations too; indeed, without such a reduction, variational iteration method is also extended to higher-order scalar equations. Further, the close connection with the associated first-order systems is presented. Such extension of the method to higher-order equations is then applied to solve boundary value problems: linear and nonlinear ones. Although the corresponding Lagrange multiplier resembles the Green’s function, without the need of the latter, the extended approach to the variational iteration method is systematically applied to solve boundary value problems, surely in the nonlinear case as well. In order to show the applicability of the method, we have applied the EVIM to various real-life problems: the classical Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problems, Brusselator reaction-diffusion, and chemical master equations. Results show that the method is simple, but powerful and effective.

Suggestions

The finite element method over a simple stabilizing grid applied to fluid flow problems
Aydın, Selçuk Han; Tezer-Sezgin, Münevver; Department of Scientific Computing (2008)
We consider the stabilized finite element method for solving the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations and the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations in two dimensions. The well-known instabilities arising from the application of standard Galerkin finite element method are eliminated by using the stabilizing subgrid method (SSM), the streamline upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method, and the two-level finite element method (TLFEM). The domain is discretized into a set of regular triangular elements. In SSM, the...
On principles of b-smooth discontinuous flows
Akalın, Ebru Çiğdem; Akhmet, Marat; Department of Mathematics (2004)
Discontinuous dynamical system defined by impulsive autonomous differential equation is a field that has actually been considered rarely. Also, the properties of such systems have not been discussed thoroughly in the course of mathematical researches so far. This thesis comprises two parts, elaborated with a number of examples. In the first part, some results of the previous studies on the classical dynamical system are exposed. In the second part, the definition of discontinuous dynamical system defined by...
Studies on the perturbation problems in quantum mechanics
Koca, Burcu; Taşeli, Hasan; Department of Mathematics (2004)
In this thesis, the main perturbation problems encountered in quantum mechanics have been studied.Since the special functions and orthogonal polynomials appear very extensively in such problems, we emphasize on those topics as well. In this context, the classical quantum mechanical anharmonic oscillators described mathematically by the one-dimensional Schrodinger equation have been treated perturbatively in both finite and infinite intervals, corresponding to confined and non-confined systems, respectively.
New classes of differential equations and bifurcation of discontinuous cycles
Turan, Mehmet; Akhmet, Marat; Department of Mathematics (2009)
In this thesis, we introduce two new classes of differential equations, which essentially extend, in several directions, impulsive differential equations and equations on time scales. Basics of the theory for quasilinear systems are discussed, and particular results are obtained so that further investigations of the theory are guaranteed. Applications of the newly-introduced systems are shown through a center manifold theorem, and further, Hopf bifurcation Theorem is proved for a three-dimensional discontin...
Asymptotic integration of impulsive differential equations
Doğru Akgöl, Sibel; Ağacık, Zafer; Özbekler, Abdullah; Department of Mathematics (2017)
The main objective of this thesis is to investigate asymptotic properties of the solutions of differential equations under impulse effect, and in this way to fulfill the gap in the literature about asymptotic integration of impulsive differential equations. In this process our main instruments are fixed point theorems; lemmas on compactness; principal and nonprincipal solutions of impulsive differential equations and Cauchy function for impulsive differential equations. The thesis consists of five chapters....
Citation Formats
D. Altıntan, “An extension to the variational iteration method for systems and higher-order differential equations,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.