Europeanization of minorities vs. minorities of europeanization: historicizing european identity

Ongur, Hakan Övünç
The purpose of this dissertation is to answer ‘if we can live together?’, through establishing a historical approach towards the concepts of Europeanization, European identity and the rights of minorities. The main argument reads that within the historical understanding of Europeanization, it is theoretically impossible to speak of a common European identity that European peoples and societies could agree upon. The problem is that such impossibility cannot be explained by the mainstream political identity and Europeanization literature. In this thesis, in order to account for the late-modern European self-definition which is distinguished with its banal character that carries elements from post-modernity yet at the same time is situated on the modern necessities and inventions, ‘social identity’ and ‘social categorization’ conceptualizations of Henri Tajfel are addressed. The aim is to communicate between the studies of Europeanization and European identity and the Social Identity Theory that proposes an instant gathering of people through social ingrouping without developing a certain sense of common culture, identity or belongingness. Having set the theoretical ground, the practical consequences of European ingrouping are examined by employing a historical perception of the development of the idea of minorities in Europe. Minorities are the traditional others of European nation-states and they are the outgroups of any social ingrouping for that matter. There are observed two fundamental results of the current European ingrouping-outgrouping on the development of minority right regimes in Europe. On the one hand, there is still the traditional security-oriented perception of national minorities in Europe that is simultaneously exposed to Europeanization and some level of improvement; yet, on the other hand, the European ingrouping itself is causing the minoritization of certain groups, excluding them from the very agenda of Europeanization.


Totalitarian and authoritarian regimes: a comparison of Stalinism and Putinism
Yengil, Onur; Akçalı, Pınar; Pamir Dietrich, Ayşe; Department of Eurasian Studies (2016)
This thesis aims to compare and contrast Stalin’s Soviet Union with Putin’s post-Soviet Russia by looking at the totalitarian and authoritarian characteristics that these two periods as well as these two leaders display. It is argued that despite certain differences that they have, the totalitarian regime of Stalin and authoritarian regime of Putin share certain similarities the roots of which go back to Russian history. 
Ethnicity and gender dynamics of living in borderlands : the case of Hopa-Turkey
Akyüz, Latife; Kalaycıoğlu, Hediye Sibel; Department of Sociology (2013)
The aim of this dissertation is to investigate how the border economy shapes inter and intra group dynamics of ethnicity and gender for those who live in these regions. This study based on the qualitative research conducted in the town of Hopa in the Turkey-Georgia border region. The most fundamental argument of the study is that border regions have economic activities that are specific to these regions and the form of participation in these activities shapes the dynamics of social and cultural life. The fi...
Russian compatriots in the near abroad and the construction of the post-soviet russian identity
Kaya, Rüştü; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of Eurasian Studies (2016)
This thesis examines the impact of the existence of multimillion Russian diaspora in the former-Soviet republics on the nation building policies of the post-Soviet Russia. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, twenty-five millions of ethnic Russians found themselves beyond the borders of the Russian Federation. The responsibilities of the newly independent Russian state toward the Russian communities in the Near Abroad and regarding them as an integral part of the Russian state and nation have bocome th...
New forms of discrimination and exclusion : adjofication of Romani communities in Turkey
Önder, Özhan; Beşpınar Akgüner, Fatma Umut; Department of Sociology (2013)
Romani communities having concrete frontiers with the rest of the society are strongly being transformed to the forms which are acceptable for the trends of these surrounding societies by late 20th century. Therefore the needs the dissertation is intended to cover, in accordance to such problems in the existing literature defined, are to explore and deepen questions about Romani communities from a scholar point of view which is critical not only to the low facilities the communities have but also to the ten...
Conscientious objection: a contestation of citizenship in Turkey
Sapmaz, Semih; Çırakman Deveci, Aslı; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2012)
This thesis discusses the politics of conscientious objection in Turkey within a framework of citizenship. In this study citizenship is identified with being political and conceived as a process comprised of acts and practices. According to this conception, while practices reproduce the discourse of citizenship in a given context, acts are the deeds that challenge this discourse. Conscription, within this framework, is defined as a citizenship practice which re/produces the militaristic, nationalistic and g...
Citation Formats
H. Ö. Ongur, “Europeanization of minorities vs. minorities of europeanization: historicizing european identity,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.