The possibility and limit of liberal middle power policies: the case of Turkish foreign policy toward the Middle East during the AKP period

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2011
Imai, Kohei
The main aim of this dissertation is to understand the change of Turkish state identity related to foreign policy behaviors after the collapse of the Cold War structure. The research question of this dissertation is why and how Turkey has constructed middle power identity, which is based on liberal foreign policies. This dissertation examines two main purposes. First purpose is to analyze AKP’s liberalism based middle power policies from 2005 to 2010 toward the Middle East. In this dissertation, the liberal policies based on middle power are defined as implementing functional diplomacy, mediation role, niche di plomacy, coalition diplomacy, and norm diffusion. Second purpose is to understand the process of how the state constructs its policies. To that end, this dissertation takes notice of state identity, which is constructed by changes of circumstances, norms, state self-perception, and the perceptions of others. This dissertation assumes that the concept of middle power is one of Turkey’s state identities in the area of foreign policy. Turkey’s middle power behaviors make Turkey consciously aware of its middle power status. This dissertation analyzes the existence of two steps that are pathways for Turkey to understand itself as a liberal middle power in the international arena. The first step is to analyze the policies of Özal, Erbakan and Cem. The second step is to examine AKP’s foreign policy experiences and ideas, especially the ideas of Ahmet Davutoğlu.
Citation Formats
K. Imai, “The possibility and limit of liberal middle power policies: the case of Turkish foreign policy toward the Middle East during the AKP period ,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.