Cyclic behavior of saturated low plastic fine soils

Sağlam, Selman
Weakening and liquefaction of sands with increasing excess pore water pressures under repeated loads is well-known. Occurrence of extensive damage to the built environment also at the sites underlain by fine soils during earthquakes have led the researchers to focus on the seismic response of such soils more recently. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the factors affecting cyclic behavior of saturated low-plastic fine soils through laboratory testing. An extensive laboratory testing program including conventional soil mechanics tests, consolidation tests, reconstituted sample preparation, monotonic and cyclic triaxial tests was carried out for this purpose. Laboratory program was conducted within two parts, one of which includes the tests performed with the silt specimens reconstituted in the laboratory and the other consisting of the tests performed with the undisturbed soil samples retrieved from Adapazarı. The effects of the inherent soil properties and the effects of loading characteristics on the cyclic response of saturated low plastic silty soils were examined separately. Based on the test results, models were introduced (i) to predict the relationship between excess pore pressure ratio (ru), number of cycles (N) and cyclic stress ratio (CSRtx), (ii) to estimate the effect of initial shear stress on cyclic response, and (iii) to show the effects of initial void ratio (ei), initial shear stress ratio (s/p'i) and CSRtx on cyclic pore pressure development.
Citation Formats
S. Sağlam, “Cyclic behavior of saturated low plastic fine soils,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2011.