On the possibility, necessity, and practicability of Leopold's land ethic

Download
2012
Özer, Mahmut
In this work, I scrutinize Leopold’s land ethic and Callicott’s interpretation of it both from normative and meta-ethical perspectives by making textual and conceptual analyses. Leopold suggests that an ethic which makes us responsible for the protection of whole nature is evolutionarily possible and ecologically necessary. Callicott tried to buttress Leopold’s land ethic by developing a nonanthropocentric axiology and some meta-principles. Moreover, in his view, Leopold’s views are not only compatible with nonanthropocentric axiology but also imply it. I show that Leopold did not build the land ethic on nonanthropocentrism and he did not enforce attribution of intrinsic value to nature and its constituents. I argue that weak anthropocentrism is quite compatible with Leopold’s views, and it provides a way to maintain normative power of land ethic without being ecofascistic. Furthermore, I discuss that Leopold might not have objected attribution of intrinsic value to nonhuman beings although he primarily referred to instrumental values of nature. Moreover, I argue that Leopold preferred a middle position between the concepts of preservation and conservation. As a man of practical wisdom Leopold has always tried to find middle and practicable ways between opposing extremes to harmonize human realm with nonhuman one and to grow the embryo of the conservationist movement. Finally, I argue that Leopold’s land ethic is a human ethic which requires human moral agents to accept responsibility for protecting whole nature in order to attain good life.

Suggestions

The place of human subject in Foucault's and Deleuze's philosophies
Taner, Erdem; Ergüden, Akın; Department of Philosophy (2005)
The main objective of this master̕s thesis is to analyze the place assigned to human subjectivity by French philosophers Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze. In order to fulfil the requirements of this objective, what is focused on is their shared critique which is exercised against the traditional conceptions of humanity and subjectivity. Through the thesis, first Foucault̕s analyses which demonstrate that universal man as a construction emerges as an effect of discursive practices and power relations, and ...
The Relation between ethics and aesthetics in philosophy of Mikhail Bakhtin
Babur, Hazal; Turan, Şeref Halil; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2018)
My main aim in this thesis is to reveal the relation between the author and the hero which is quite similar to the relation and the dichotomy between the “I” and “the other” in Mikhail Bakhtin’s philosophy. I will extend my analysis in the ethical relation of author-hero to propose a world view that it is built upon love and sympathy. Finally, I will question ethics in literary genres by focusing on the relationship between the author and the hero. This thesis is devoted to a careful analysis of Bakhtin’s l...
Hume's moral theory as expressed in his a treatise of human nature and enquiries concerning human understanding and concerning the principles of morals
Gülcan, Nur Yeliz; Ceylan, Yasin; Department of Philosophy (2007)
The aim of this study is to examine Hume’s moral theory as expressed in his two main books, Treatise and Enquiry and to show the defects of this theory. Without explaining some basic doctrines such as moral motivation, moral judgment, sympathy, passions, virtues, justice e.t.c., it is not possible to understand Hume’s moral theory. To this aim, first, Hume’s moral theory is explained in detail. Next, in order to provide a deeper understanding of the theory, its relation with his epistemology and his aesthet...
An Inquiry into the nature of aesthetic theory in its relation to theory of knowledge in Kant’s critical philosophy
Özdoyran, Güven; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2013)
The main concern of the dissertation is to investigate Kant’s aesthetic theory and its problematic relation to theory of knowledge in his transcendental philosophy. In the Critique of Judgment, Kant constructs his aesthetic theory by arguing that the aesthetic experience is based on a certain type of feeling, namely, the feeling of pleasure, rather than a concept. He grounds such a feeling on the aesthetic judgment of reflection. In spite of its non-conceptual and subjective characteristic, an aesthetic ref...
On complex archaeologies: conceptualizing social complexity and its potential for archaeology
Daems, Drıes (2020-10-01)
This article surveys a number of approaches in complex systems thinking and their relevance for applications in the field of archaeology. It focuses in particular on the fundamental role of social interactions and information transmission as constituent elements for the development of organizational complexity on a community level. Given the impossibility of direct observations of these constituent interactions and practices, it is then outlined how this theoretical model can be applied on the material rema...
Citation Formats
M. Özer, “On the possibility, necessity, and practicability of Leopold’s land ethic,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2012.