Matrix fracture interaction in sandstone rocks during carbon dioxide, methane and nitrogen injection

Bülbül, Sevtaç
The aim of the study is to investigate matrix-fracture interaction, gas oil gravity drainage (GOGD) and diffusion mechanisms with CO2, N2 and CH4 gas injection in a fractured system. Effects of injected gas type, initial gas saturation and diffusion coefficient on oil recovery are studied by an experimental and simulation work. In the experimental study, Berea sandstone cores are placed in a core holder and the space created around the core is considered as a surrounding fracture. System is kept at a pressure of 250 psi by CO2, N2 and CH4 gases and at a reservoir temperature of 70 C. Experiments with cores having similar initial saturations resulted in the highest n-decane recovery in CO2 experiment followed by CH4 and N2. The highest solubility of CO2 in n-decane and density difference between CO2 and CO2-n-decane mixture are considered as the reason of results. CO2 injection tests with n-decane and brine saturated core with and without initial gas saturation indicate that availability of initial gas saturation in matrix increased recovery. A simulation study is continued using CMG (Computer Modeling Group Ltd.) WinProp (Microsoft Windows™ based Phase-Behavior and Fluid Property Program) and GEM (Generalized Equation-of-State Model Compositional Reservoir Simulator). Simulation results of CO2 experiment with initial gas show that dominant effect of GOGD decreases and diffusion becomes more effective at final production stages. Simulation study indicates an immediate, sharp decrease in oil saturation in matrix. Oil in matrix migrates into fractures and moves downward as a result of GOGD with gas injection.