The Understanding of nomativity and free will in games: a developmental study on 2- and 3- year old Turkish children

Tunçgenç, Bahar
This study investigated the understanding of normativity and free will from a developmental perspective. Being a new field of investigation, there is not much research conducted which points to different aspects of normativity. Current study, therefore, aimed to assess Turkish children’s normative development on a sample of 2 and 3 years old in the context of games. It was expected, first, that children would show more protest when there is a norm violation. Moreover, older children would show more normative protest than younger ones. The results confirmed these hypotheses. In a second study, it was investigated whether the actor’s being free to act as s/he wills versus constrained so that cannot act otherwise had an effect on children’s protest in response to norm violations. It was hypothesized that a decrease in normative reactions and an increase in help responses would be observed. No age effect for help responses was expected. The results of this study did not reveal any decrease in normative reactions, but there was an increase in help responses regardless of the age.


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Previous studies revealed that nearby natural environment is important for physical, cognitive, socio-emotional, and self-development as well as mental health of children. However, in terms of self-development of children, selfregulation has not been widely examined. The current study examined the relationship between the nearby natural environment, perceptual sensitivity of children, nature connectedness, self-regulation skills, and mental health. 299 mother-child pairs participated in the study. Children ...
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The purpose of the study is to investigate the development of normative understanding and its relation to emotional states. Two samples of late 3- and 5-year-old Turkish pre-school children were studied. We adopted a peer conflict paradigm in which we taught two children conflicting rules for playing a game and asked them to play the game together, later (incompatible condition). Since children had learned different rules we expected them to protest when their partners played the game with a different rule....
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The current study aimed to investigate the background media effect on toddlers’ language development and also the moderator role of child temperamental characteristics namely inhibitory control, attention shifting, attention focusing and perceptual sensitivity. In total, 100 mothers of children between the ages of 16-26 months (Mage = 20.18 months) participated. Two home visits were made. In the first visit, mothers filled out the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) to assess the child temperament...
Citation Formats
B. Tunçgenç, “The Understanding of nomativity and free will in games: a developmental study on 2- and 3- year old Turkish children,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2012.